Marcello Malpighi Facts

Marcello Malpighi Facts
Marcello Malpighi (March 10, 1628 to November 29, 1694) was an Italian physician and biologist. He is regarded as the father of microscopical anatomy and histology. Malpighi gave his name to several physiological features related to the biological excretory system, such as the Malpighian corpuscles and Malpighian pyramids of the kidneys and the Malpighian tubule system.
Interesting Marcello Malpighi Facts:
Marcello Malpighi was born in Crevalcore, Italy.
In 1646 he entered the University of Bologna despite the opposition of University authorities to the admission of a non-Bolognese.
In 1653 he earned his M.D. and a PhD in philosophy and became a teacher.
In 1656 he was offered the professorship of theoretical medicine at the University of Pisa where he became friends with the mathematician,Giovanni Borelli.
Family responsibilities necessitated a return to Bologna in 1659 and he continued his research on medical and anatomical problems of the day.
In 1661 he made a major scientific discovery when he identified the capillary network connecting small arteries and veins.
In November 1662 he accepted a professorship in medicine at the University of Messina where Borelli was doing research.
While there Malpighi continued his microscopic studies of anatomy and identified taste buds, the structure of the brain, and the optic nerve.
He was the first to see red blood cells and realized that blood gets its red color from them.
In 1667 he returned to Bologna and continued his studies.
He encountered much jealousy and opposition for his discoveries and it was claimed that they had no use in the treatment and diagnosis of disease.
Malpighi's work was noticed by the Royal Society of London and beginning in 1668, they regularly published his letters in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.
In 1669 he did an extensive study on the structure and development of the silkworm.
In 1691 he was invited by Pope Innocent XII to become his personal physician which was considered a great honor and recognition of his stature.
While in Rome he was made a count.

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