Max Delbruck Facts

Max Delbruck Facts
Max Ludwig Henning Delbrück, FRS[4] (September 4, 1906 to March 9, 1981), a German-American biophysicist. He, Salvador Luria and Alfred Hershey shared the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses". He was the first to predict Delbruck scattering.
Interesting Max Delbruck Facts:
Max Delbruck was born in Berlin where his father was a history professor at the University of Berlin.
In 1937 he immigrated to the United States and became a US citizen in 1945.
Max's brother, Justus and his two brothers-in-law Klaus and Dietrich Bonhoeffer were active in the resistance and in 1945 were executed by the Nazis.
In 1930 he earned a PhD in physics at the University of Gottingen and in 1932 became an assistant to Lisa Meitner in her research on irradiation of uranium with neutrons.
In 1933 he wrote a paper on gamma rays' scattering by a Coulomb field's polarization in a vacuum which became known as Delbruck scattering.
In 1937 he received a fellowship from the Rockefeller Foundation to research the genetics of the fruit fly in the new molecular biology research program at the California Institute of Technology.
He researched bacteria and bacteriophages.
In 1939 he co-authored "The growth of the bacteriophage" which reported that viruses reproduce in one step rather than exponentially.
From 1940 to 1947 he taught physics at Vanderbilt University.
In 1942 he and Salvador Luria of Indiana University published a paper on bacterial resistance to virus infection mediated by random mutation.
In 1945 he, Luria, and Alfred Hershey of Washington University established a course in bacteriophage genetics at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York.
They were instrumental in the development of the field of molecular biology.
They shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work with viruses.
From 1947 until his retirement, he was a professor of biology at Caltech.
His studies on genes' susceptibility to mutation influenced Francis Crick and James Watson in their cellular structure of DNA.


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