Michael Faraday Facts

Michael Faraday Facts
Michael Faraday, FRS (September 22, 1791 to August 25, 1867) was an English physicist and chemistry. He made important discoveries in the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. He discovered benzene.
Interesting Michael Faraday Facts:
Michael Faraday was born in what is now London, England and was the third of four children born to a working class family.
The family was unable to provide more than a basic education so Faraday was self-educated.
For seven years he was an apprentice to a bookseller and he read many books.
In 1812 he finished his apprenticeship and attended many lectures at the Royal Institution and Royal Society.
Faraday sent Humphry Davy, one of the lecturers, a three hundred page notebook based on the lectures.
Davy was impressed and on March 1, 1813 appointed Faraday to the post of Chemical Assistant at the Royal Institution.
In June 1832 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford.
Faraday studied the nature of chlorine and in 1820 reported the first synthetic compound of chlorine and carbon.
He invented several new kinds of glass one of which was the first substance found to be repelled by the poles of a magnet.
He invented an early Bunsen burner for use in the laboratory.
He is best known for his work in electricity and magnetism.
His first recorded experiment in electricity was the creation of a voltaic pile from copper coins, sheet zinc and paper dampened with salt water.
He discovered the laws of electrolysis.
In 1834 he began experimenting with electromagnetic induction and discovered that when he wrapped two coils of wire around an iron ring, passing a current through one caused an induction current in the other.
He demonstrated that a changing magnetic field produces an electric response.
James Clerk Maxwell formulated the mathematical relationship and named it Faraday's law.
He completed a series of experiments on electricity which proved that electricity, regardless of its source, was of one type and not several.
It was the changing values of current and voltage that produced different observable results.
He built the first electric dynamo.
Faraday perfected an optical glass of borosilicate of lead which he used in his experiments on light and magnetism.
He investigated coal mine explosions and reported that coal dust was the explosive component in the mines but his report would be ignored for half a century.
He worked on the design and construction of lighthouses and experimented with lighting them electrically.
He was an early environmentalist and investigated industrial water pollution at Swansea and air pollution at the Royal Mint.
He was interested in education and lectured on the topic to the Royal Institution and the Public Schools commission.


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