Mohammad Abdus Salam Facts

Mohammad Abdus Salam Facts
Mohammad Abdus Salam NI, SPk, KBE (January 29, 1926 to November 21, 1996) was a Pakistani theoretical physicist. When he shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics he became the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize and the first Muslim to win the prize in science.
Interesting Mohammad Abdus Salam Facts:
Abdus Salam was born into a religious family in the Punjab State.
His grandfather was a religious scholar and his father was an officer in the Department of Education.
At 14 Salam scored the highest marks ever recorded on the entrance exam and won a full scholarship to the Government College University of Lahore.
In 1944 he received a BA in mathematics and in 1946 he received his MA.
He was awarded a scholarship to St John's College, Cambridge University and in 1950 he received the Smith's Prize which is awarded for the most outstanding pre-doctoral contribution to physics.
His doctoral thesis was on fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics and garnered him the Adams Prize.
His solution for the renormalization of meson theory attracted the attention of Bethe and Oppenheimer.
He received his PhD in 1951 and returned to Punjab as a professor at the Government College University.
In 1954 he became a Fellow of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences and that same year, accepted a post at Cambridge University as professor of mathematics.
In 1957 he and Paul Matthews created the department of theoretical physics at Imperial College.
In 1959 he took a fellowship at Princeton University where he presented his paper on neutrinos to J. Robert Oppenheimer.
He studied quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theory and its extension into particle physics.
In his work with neutrinos he introduced chiral symmetry which played a crucial role in development of the theory of electroweak interactions.
Salam introduced the Higgs bosons and predicted the existence of proton decay.
In 1963 he published his work on the vector meson and in 1968 was finally able to formulate the mathematical model.
He continues his work on a grand unified theory of particle physics.
He worked tirelessly to interest the Pakistan government in science research and development.
Salam played a crucial role in Pakistan's development of a nuclear energy program.
He was the founder of Pakistan's space program and on September 16, 1961 the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission was established.
In the 1970's he led the program to develop Pakistan's first atomic bomb though he did not live to see Pakistan detonate its first atomic bomb on May 28, 1998.


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