Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi Facts

Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi Facts
Abū 'Abdallāh Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī ((c. 780 to c. 850) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer and geographer during the Abbasid Caliphate. He was a scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad.
Interesting Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi Facts:
The Muslims conquered Persia in 651 and ushered the Islamic Golden Age.
Caliph Harun al-Rashid founded the House of Wisdom where well known scholars from many nations came together to share ideas information.
The House of Wisdom was an educational and research institution and its scholars made many original contributions to science.
An observatory was created in the 800's and the House of Wisdom became the center for the study of mathematics, astronomy, medicine and chemistry.
The House of Wisdom had the largest library in the world but it was destroyed in the Siege of Baghdad in 1258.
Though there are few details of his early life, the name Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi would suggest that he was born in what today is northern Iraq or southern Uzbekistan.
He made important contributions to mathematics, geography, astronomy and cartography.
Latin translations of his work introduced the decimal to the Western world.
He was long considered the father of algebra.
The word is derived from al-jabr, one of the two systems he used to solve quadratic equations.
In 830 he wrote Compendious book On Calculation by Completion and Balancing which offered the first system of systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations.
It contained a detailed account of solving polynomial equations and balancing equations.
The Latin form of his name is Algoritmi, which is the basis for the words algorism and algorithm.
He wrote on astronomy and astrology and revised Ptolemy's Geography.
About 825 he wrote On the Calculation with Hindu Numerals, which spread the use of algorithms throughout Europe and the Middle East.
Al-Khwarizmi was a major contributor to Islamic astronomy.
In 820 CE he published Zij al-Sindhind which contained 37 chapters of calendrical and astronomical calculations and 116 charts detailing movement of the sun, moon and planets.
Zij al-Sindhind also contained tables of trigonometric functions.
The original Arabic manuscript has been lost and only the Latin translation has survived.

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