Omar Khayyam Facts
Omar Khayyam Facts

Interesting Omar Khayyam Facts: 

Omar Khayyam was born Ghiyāth adDīn Abu'lFatḥ 'Umar ibn Ibrahim alKhayyam Nishapuri in Persia where his family were tent makers. 
He studied under the Arab scholar, Sheikh Muhammad Mansuri in present day Afghanistan. 
He was a student of the great teacher, Imam Mowaffaq Nishapuri. 
Khayyam became a famous teacher of algebra and geometry and the court astrologer. 
During his lifetime he became famous as a mathematician and his work contributed significantly to the development of nonEuclidean geometry. 
His Treatise on Demonstration of the Problems of Algebra derived methods for solving cubic equations and contained the triangular array of binomial coefficients known as Pascal's triangle. 
It was this work that was largely responsible for transmitting Arab mathematics to Europe. 
He wrote a book entitled Explanations of the difficulties in the postulates in Euclid's Elements, which is considered a first attempt at formulating a nonEuclidean postulate. 
Khayyam's was finally improved on in 1680 by Giordano vitale. 
Like most Persian mathematicians of the period, Khayyam was also an astronomer. 
In 1079 Khayyam was asked to be part of the committee Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah I formed to reform the calendar. 
His measurements were responsible for the development of the Jalali calendar. 
This Persian calendar that contained eight leap years every thirtythree years. 
It contained 365.2424 days per year and the modern Iranian calendar is based on these calculations. 
He is best known in the west for the poem, the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. 
It was translated into English poetry by Edward FitzGerald in the 1860's. 
In 1970 a crater on the Moon was named for him. 
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