Paul Ehrlich Facts

Paul Ehrlich Facts
Paul Ehrlich (March 14, 1854 to August 20, 1915) was a German physician and scientist. He invented methods for staining tissue which made it possible to distinguish between different type of blood cells. He invented the concept of chemotherapy and made a significant contribution to the development of a serum against diphtheria.
Interesting Paul Ehrlich Facts:
Paul Ehrlich was born in Strehlen, near Breslau, Poland where his father was a distiller and leader of the local Jewish community.
He attended the Maria-Magdalenen-Gymnasium in Breslau before entering the universities of Breslau, Freiburg in Breisgau and Leipzig.
In the 1870's he studied staining bacteria with dyes and his doctoral dissertation was titled Contributions to the Theory and Practice of Histological Staining.
His research led to his discovery of a new type of cell he named mast cells.
In 1880 he began his study of red blood cells and discovered nucleated red blood cells.
In 1881 he developed a new urine test that could distinguish various types of typhoid from other causes of diarrhea.
In 1882 he earned his doctorate in medicine and worked at the Charite in Berlin under Theodor Frerichs, the founder of experimental clinical medicine.
While continuing his research at the Charite, he developed a dry specimen technique that allowed for better observation and staining of cells.
In 1886 he finished his habilitation and spent 1888 and 1889 traveling in an attempt to cure the tuberculosis he had caught in his work.
In 1891 he was asked by Robert Koch to join the Berlin Institute of Infectious Diseases.
In 1896 he became the director of the Institute for Serum Research and Testing at the Berlin Institute.
In 1889 the institute moved to Frankfurt am Main and renamed the Institute of Experimental Therapy.
In 1901 he received a request from the German Emperor Wilhelm II to found a department of cancer research at his institute.
Ehrlich discovered that when tumors are grown from transplanted tumor cells their malignancy increases from generation to generation.
In 1909 he invented Salvarsan, which was the first drug for the treatment of a specific pathogen.
After extensive testing the drug was marketed by Hoechst and it became the most effective drug for treating syphilis until the invention of penicillin in the 1940s.
In 1903 he was awarded the Great Golden Medal of Science in Prussia and was only the second scientist ever to receive this prize.
In 1908 he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his "work on immunity."


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