Prafulla Chandra Ray Facts

Prafulla Chandra Ray Facts
Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray (August 2, 1861 to June 16, 1944) was a Bengali chemist and educator. He is the author of A History of Hindu chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Middle of the Sixteenth Century. He was honored by the Royal Society of Chemistry with the first ever Chemical Landmark Plaque outside Europe.
Interesting Prafulla Chandra Ray Facts:
Acharya Prafulla Ray was born in Raruli-Katipara in Bangladesh.
In 1870 his family moved to Calcutta and Ray entered Hare School.
In 1874 he was stricken with severe dysentery which caused him to postpone his studies for several years while he recuperated.
During his recuperation, he continued to read and study.
When he recovered he entered the Albert School in Calcutta.
In 1879 he was admitted to Vidyasagar College but, at that time, the college had no science classes so he attended lectures in the Presidency College.
He left Vidyasagar College and enrolled in the BSc program at Edinburgh University to study physics, chemistry and biology.
He was also interested in history and politics.
In 1887 he received a PhD from Edinburgh University with a thesis titled "Conjugated Sulphates of the Copper-magnesium Group: a Study of Isomorphous Mixtures and Molecular Combinations."
After graduation he was awarded the Hope Prize which funded an extra year of postdoctoral work.
He returned to Calcutta in August 1888 and joined Presidency College as an Assistant Professor of Chemistry.
In 1896 he published a paper on mercurous nitrite.
In 1924 he founded the Indian School of Chemistry.
In 1916 he retired from the College and became Palit Professor of Chemistry at the Calcutta University College of Science.
There be brought together a team which worked on compounds of gold, platinum, iridium with mercaptyl radicals and organic sulphides.
In 1921 he bequeathed his entire salary to Calcutta University for chemical research and the establishment of a Department of Chemistry.
He was a prolific writer and published 107 papers on Chemistry.
He was interested in the history of chemistry as well as its practical applications and spent years researching ancient Sanskrit manuscripts.
The result was a two volume work titled A History of Hindu Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Middle of Sixteenth Century published in 1902.
In 1932 he published the first of a two volume autobiography titled Life and Experience of a Bengali Chemist.
In 1923 he organized the Bengal Relief Committee which collected and distributed 2.5 million rupees to the Northern Bengalis affected by a devastating flood.
In 1922 he established the Nagarjuna Prize to be awarded in chemistry.
In 1917 he was knighted for his contributions to science.


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