Robert Brown Facts

Robert Brown Facts
Robert Brown FRSE FRS FLS MWS (December 21, 1773 to June 10, 1858) was a Scottish botanist. He pioneered the use of the microscope in botany and he wrote one of the earliest detailed descriptions of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. He discovered Brownian motion.
Interesting Robert Brown Facts:
Robert Brown was born in Montrose, Scotland where his father, James, was a Scottish Episcopal minister.
After attending Marischal College in Aberdeen, he entered the University of Edinburgh to study medicine.
He changed to the study of botany and made botanical expeditions into the Scottish highlands.
He kept meticulous records of plants and began collecting specimens for the famous British botanist, William Withering.
Brown discovered a new species of grass, Alopecurus alpinus.
In 1792 he read his first paper, "The botanical history of Angus" to the Edinburgh Natural History Society.
In 1794 he enlisted in the Fifeshire Fencibles and was sent to Ireland as a Surgeon's Mate.
Even while in the army, he established his reputation as a botanist and corresponded with many famous botanists of his day.
He was nominated to the Linnean Society of London and was acknowledged in the works of many botanists.
A species of algae, Conferva brownii was named for him by Lewis Weston Dillwyn.
In December 1800 he accepted a position as naturalist on an expedition to Australia but the expedition didn't leave England until July of 1801.
Brown prepared for the trip by studying what had been written on Australian plants.
The expedition included the famous botanical illustrator, Ferdinand Bauer and a gardener named Peter Good.
Brown, Good and Bauer collected many specimens including two new species of Serruria.
Brown worked in Australia for three and a half years and collected over 2000 previously unknown species of plants.
In May 1805 he returned to England and began to publish scientific papers on his study of the Australian flora.
In 1810 he published the first systematic description of Australian flora in his famous Prodromus Florae Novae hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen.
In 1810 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.
By studying pollen grains under a microscope he discovered that their characteristics indicated they family of plant from which they originated.
He proposed that pollen type was one of the elements of plant classification.
In 1827 he used microscopy to discover that grains of pollen in water exhibited a continuous oscillating motion.
In 1828 he published his observations in a pamphlet titled, A Brief Account of Microscopical Observation and the effect still bears the name, Brownian Movement.
He documented the fundamental difference between gymnosperms and angiosperms.
In 1831 he noticed the cell nucleus while experimenting with fertilization in Orchidaceae and Asclepiadaceae.


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