Robert Hooke Facts

Robert Hooke Facts
Robert Hooke FRS (July 28, 1635 to March 3, 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect, and polymath.
Interesting Robert Hooke Facts:
Robert Hooke was born on the Isle of Wight where his father was a priest in the Church of England.
Robert Hooke suffered from ill health as a child and was tutored at home by his father.
As a boy he became fascinated by mechanical devices and drawing and taught himself to draw.
He studies at the Westminster School in London where he quickly learned Greek, Latin and mathematics.
His professor, Dr. Richard Busby, offered extra educational opportunities to a group of promising pupils which included Hooke.
In 1653 he entered Christ Church, Oxford and secured a position as a chemical assistant.
From 1655 to 1662 he was a laboratory assistant to Robert Boyle.
In 1660 the Royal Society was founded and Hooke presented a paper reporting that water rose in slender tubes due to capillary action.
In 1660 he discovered the law of elasticity which describes the variation of tension with extension in a spring.
He invented the balance spring which greatly increased the accuracy of watches.
On November 5, 1661 it was proposed that the Society establish a Curator of Experiments position and Hooke was elected.
In 1664 Sir John Cutler created an annuity of fifty pounds to be used for the founding of a Mechanick Lecture and Hooke received the appointment.
In 1664 he became Professor of Geometry at Gresham College.
Hooke's experiments on the nature of air and on barometric pressure at different altitudes were demonstrated to the Royal Society.
Hooke invented instruments to measure the strength of gunpowder and to cut gears for watches which were much more precise than could be made by hand.
In 1665 he published Micrographia which was a collection of his microscopy observations.
In his lecture "On Gravity' he stated that all bodies move in straight lines until deflected by a force.
Hooke made many contributions to timekeeping devices and introduced the pendulum as clock regulator and proposed that a precise clock could be used to find longitude at sea.


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