Robert Koch Facts

Robert Koch Facts
Robert Heinrich Herman Koch (December 11, 1843 to May 27, 1910) was a German physician and pioneering microbiologist. He is known for his role in identifying the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax. Koch was awarded the 1905 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his investigations and discoveries in relation to tuberculosis."
Interesting Robert Koch Facts:
Robert Koch was born in Clausthal, Germany and was the son of a mining engineer.
He showed early intellectual promise and taught himself to read by the age of five.
In 1862 he entered the University of Gottingen where he earned his M.D. in 1866.
In 1867 he became an Assistant in the hospital in Hamburg and in 1869 he passed the District Medical Officer Examination.
From 1872 to 1880 he was District Medical officer for Wollstein and it was here that he researched anthrax.
Although he had no laboratory and had to provide and even manufacture his own equipment, he was able to prove that anthrax was caused by a bacillus.
He further proved the ability of anthrax bacillus to sporulate when conditions were unfavorable.
In 1876 the results of his anthrax studies was published and he became famous.
In 1878 he published his study of the bacterial infections of wounds and provided practical information for infection control.
In 1880 he became a member of the Imperial Health Bureau in Berlin and was provided a laboratory and assistants.
He invented new methods of growing pure cultures of bacteria and developed new methods of staining to make them easier to identify.
In 1882 he discovered the tubercle bacillus and published his classical paper on it.
In 1883 he was sent to Egypt as Leader of the German Cholera Commission and it was there that he discovered the causative agent.
Because he discovered the cholera vibrio and its route of infection he was able to formulate rules to prevent and control epidemics of the disease.
His work with cholera earned him a prize of 100,000 Deutsche marks and influenced the development of sanitary water supplies.
In 1885 he became Professor of Hygiene at the University of Berlin.
In 1890 he became Surgeon General of Berlin.
In 1891 he became Director of the newly created Institute for Infectious Diseases.
In 1896 he west to South Africa to study disease in cattle and in 1898 he published his findings on malaria.
In 1906 he traveled to Central Africa where he studied human trypanosomiasis and proved that atoxyl is effective against the disease.


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