Ronald Ross Facts

Ronald Ross Facts
Sir Ronald Ross, KCB, FRS (May 13, 1857 to September 16, 1932), was an Indian-born British medical doctor.. He discovered that the life-cycle of the plasmodium that causes malaria and that it is transmitted by mosquitoes. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 "for his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it."
Interesting Ronald Ross Facts:
Ronald Ross was born in Almora, India, and was the son of a general in the British Indian Army.
He was the oldest of ten children and was sent to England to study at the age of eight.
In 1875 Ronald Ross entered St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College in London.
He passed the exams for the Royal College of Surgeons in 1879.
In 1881 he joined the Indian Medical Service.
He was fascinated with how malaria spread and spent years researching the topic.
In 1897 he proved that mosquitoes are the vector for the spread of malaria by isolating a plasmodium from the gut of an Anopheles mosquito.
He also researched avian malaria and in July of 1898 isolated plasmodium from the salivary gland of the Culex.
He was able to transmit the disease to healthy birds from infected ones to prove that the plasmodium was the causative agent of the disease.
In 1899 he joined the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and was sent to West Africa to continue his study of malaria.
He was elected Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons and a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1901.
In 1902 he was became Companion of the Most Honourable Order of Bath in recognition of his achievements.
From 1902 to 1912 he held the Sir Alfred Jones Chair of Tropical Medicine.
He traveled to many countries where malaria was endemic and initiated control efforts, including in West Africa, the Suez Canal, Greece, Mauritius, and Cyprus.
He studied malaria in areas affected by World War I.
In 1908 he published a mathematical model for the epidemiology of malaria which he considered to be his greatest contribution.


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