Sigmund Freud Facts

Sigmund Freud Facts
Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 to September 23, 1939) was an Austrian doctor and neurologist. He created the field of psychoanalysis. He formulated the theory that the unconscious mind has great influence on conscious thought.
Interesting Sigmund Freud Facts:
Sigismund Schlomo Freud was born to Jewish parents in Pribor, which is now a part of the Czech Republic.
In 1859 the family moved to Leipzig and in 1860 to Vienna.
There four more girls and a boy were born into the family to join Freud and his sister, Anna.
In 1865 Freud entered the Leopoldstadter Kommunal-Realgymnasium.
He was an excellent student and graduated with honors.
He learned German, French, Italian, Spanish, English, Hebrew, Latin and Greek.
In 1873 he entered the University of Vienna where he studied medicine.
In 1876 he spent a month in Trieste dissecting and studying eels.
In 1881 he received his MD and started work at Vienna General Hospital.
He published a paper on uses for cocaine, "On Coca," declared it a cure for morphine addiction and as an antidepressant.
Unfortunately this was not correct and cocaine turned out to also be highly addictive.
In 1891 he published his first book, On the Aphasias: a Critical Study.
He became a lecturer in neuropathology at the University in 1885.
In 1886 he started his private psychiatric practice.
He had studied hypnosis with Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris and used it in his own practice.
His work with one patient, named Anna O, led Freud to the conclusion that even without hypnosis, talking freely could relieve their symptoms.
Freud termed his new technique, psychoanalysis.
He used the technique on himself and this formed the basis of many of his later theories, including the Oedipus complex.
In 1899 he published The Interpretation of Dreams.
Freud invited a small group of physicians to meet weekly to discuss psychoanalysis.
This grew into a worldwide movement and spread Freud's ideas abroad.
By 1906 the group had 16 members and in 1907, Jung travelled from Switzerland to one of the meetings.
On April 27, 1908 the first International Psychoanalytic Congress was held.
In 1930 he won the Goethe Prize for his contributions to psychology.
In 1933 the Nazis came to power and burned many of Freud's books.
After Germany annexed Austria in 1938 Jews, including Freud and his family were in great danger.
There were many legal hurdles but on June 4, 1938 Freud left for England.
On September 23, Freud was suffering from severe pain due to cancer of the jaw and asked his friend, Max Schur, to administer fatal doses of morphine.


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