Ukichiro Nakaya Facts

Ukichiro Nakaya Facts
Ukichiro Nakaya (July 4, 1900 to April 11, 1962) was a Japanese physicist. He worked in low temperature science and is credited with making the first artificial snowflakes.
Interesting Ukichiro Nakaya Facts:
Nakaya was born near the Katayamazu hot springs in Kaga.
Nakaya's father wanted him to be a potter and he was apprenticed to a potter while in elementary school.
In 1924 he wrote a paper for the Physics Department of the Tokyo Imperial University on Kutani porcelain.
He majored in experimental physics at Tokyo University and graduated in 1925.
After graduation he became a research assistant at the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research.
He studied electrostatic discharge and became an assistant professor at Tokyo Imperial University.
In 1928 and 1929 he attended graduate courses at King's College in London.
He worked with Owen Willans Richardson on long wavelength X-rays.
In 1930 he earned his PhD from Kyoto Imperial University and became an assistant professor at Hokkaido University.
Beginning in 1933 he made more than 3000 photographs of snow crystals.
He established a classification of snow crystals that included seven major categories.
In 1935 he founded the Low Temperature Science Laboratory.
He spent two years on the Izu Peninsula recovering from an infection of clonorchiasis.
In 1941 he received the Imperial Prize of the Japan Academy for his research into snow crystals.
In 1943 a new atmospheric icing observatory was built at Mt. Niseko-Annupuri.
Nakaya worked there during the war to find a way to prevent atmospheric icing of planes.
He founded the Laboratory of Agricultural Physics at Hokkaido University in 1946.
In 1949 he was invited by the International Glaciological Society to tour the United States and Canada.
From 1952 to 1954 he was a researcher at the Snow, Ice and Permafrost Research Establishment.
In 1954 he published Snow Crystals:Natural and Artificial.
He was a member of the United States expedition to Greenland for the International Geophysical Year in 1957.
In 1960 the UK Antarctic Place Names Committee named a group of islands in his honor.


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