William Herschel Facts

William Herschel Facts
Sir Frederick William Herschel, KH, FRS (November 15, 1738 to August 25, 1822) was a German-born British astronomer and composer. He built his own telescope in 1774. In 1781 he discovered the planet, Uranus.
Interesting William Herschel Facts:
Frederick William Herschel was one of ten children born to Isaac and Anna Herschel.
He was born in Hanover, Germany
He was an oboist in the Military Band like his father.
Herschel also played the violin, harpsichord and organ.
He composed 24 symphonies and many concertos.
In 1757 Herschel immigrated to England during the war with France.
In 1766 he became the organist of the Octagon Chapel, Bath and was appointed Director of Public Concerts.
During his first concert on January 1, 1767 he played the organ, and performed his own violin concerto, an oboe concerto and a harpsichord sonata.
Herschel became interested in mathematics and optics.
After he met the Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne, he began building his own telescopes.
On March 1, 1774 he started his catalogue of the skies by noting Saturn's Rings and the Great Orion Nebula.
He began searching for star pairs in order to demonstrate by means of parallax shifts their distance from the Earth.
In October 1779 he began a systematic search for binary stars.
He presented his catalogues to the Royal Society in 1782.
In 1802 he published the Catalogue of 500 new Nebulae, nebulous Stars, planetary Nebulae and Cluster of Stars; with remarks on the Construction of the Heavens.
His observations led him to theorize that double stars might be binary sidereal systems operating under mutual gravitation attraction.
He confirmed this hypothesis in 1803 in his Account of the Changes that have happened, during the last Twenty-Five Years, in the relative Situation of Double-Stars.
He confirmed over 800 binary star systems.
In March 1781 he noticed an object he originally thought was a comet or a star.
He decided it was a planet beyond Saturn.
In 1781 Herschel was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and awarded their Copley Medal.
In 1782 he was appointed "The King's Astronomer."
He became internationally famous as a telescope maker and sold over 60 of them to British and European astronomers.
He ultimately built more than 400 telescopes.
Herschel discovered over 2400 nebulae which he divided into 8 classes.
Herschel discovered two moons of Saturn and two moons of Uranus.
He was the first to state that the solar system is moving through space.
He studied the Milky Way and reported that it is shaped like a disk.


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