William Ramsay Facts

William Ramsay Facts
Sir William Ramsay KCB FRS FRSE (October 2, 1852 to July 23, 1916) was a Scottish chemist. He received the 1904 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system." Ramsay isolated argon, helium, neon, krypton and xenon which led to the development of a new section of the periodic table.
Interesting William Ramsay Facts:
William Ramsay was born in Glasgow, Scotland.
From 1870 to 1872 he studied in Tubingen, Germany.
He earned his PhD from the University of Tubingen with a thesis on orthotoluic acid.
In 1872 he returned to Glasgow and became a chemistry assistant at Anderson College.
In 1880 he became Principal and Professor of Chemistry at University College, Bristol.
From 1887 to his retirement in 1913 he was Chair of Inorganic Chemistry at University College, London.
Ramsay published papers on picoline and the decomposition products of quinine alkaloids.
Beginning in the 1880's he changed the focus of his work from organic chemistry to physical chemistry.
From 1886 to 1889 he collaborated with Sidney Young on studies of evaporation and dissociation.
Ramsay made many contributions to the fields of stoichiometry and thermodynamics.
Between 1885 and 1890 he published important papers on the oxides of nitrogen and his discoveries of argton, helium, neon, krypton, and xenon.
At the 1894 meeting of the British Association Ramsay and Lord Rayleigh announced the discovery of argon.
Ramsay found the inert gases by methodically searching for the missing elements in the periodic table.
In 1903 he detected helium in radium emanations.
Ramsay received numerous awards including the Davy and Longstaff Medals, the Barnardo Medal, a prize of $5,000 from the Smithsonian Institution, and the A.W. Hoffman medal in gold.


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