Wolfgang Ernst Pauli Facts

Wolfgang Ernst Pauli Facts
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (April 25, 1900 to December 15, 1958) was a Swiss theoretical physicist and a pioneers of quantum physics. He earned the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1945 "for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle."
Interesting Wolfgang Ernst Pauli Facts:
Wolfgang Pauli was born In Vienna, Austria where his father was a chemist.
He graduated from the Doblinger-Gymnasium in Vienna in 1918.
In 1921 he earned his PhD from Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich with a thesis on the quantum theory of ionized molecular hydrogen.
Pauli was recognized as a brilliant scientist while still a student.
In 1921 he was asked to review the theory of relativity for the Encyclopedia of Mathematical Sciences.
The subsequent monograph was praised by Einstein and it remains a standard reference.
In 1923 he moved to Copenhagen to study with Niels Bohr and they became life-long friends.
From 1923 to 1928 he was a lecture at the University of Hamburg.
In 1926 Pauli used Heisenberg's matrix theory in his research on the spectrum of the hydrogen atom and provided proof of Heisenberg's theory.
In 1925 he introduced two new quantum numbers.
It was during his time at Hamburg that he formulated the theory of nonrelativistic spin.
He also formulated the Exclusion Principle, which states that no two electrons in an atom can have identical quantum numbers.
The Exclusion Principle led to the recognition of the two-valued variable required to characterize the state of an electron.
He was the first to recognize the neutrino.
He was appointed as Professor of Theoretical Physics at the Federal institute of Technology in Zurich.
He was instrumental in laying the foundation of the field theory of quantum mechanics.
In 1930 he had a nervous breakdown and became one of Carl Jung's patients.
They continued to correspond for years and many of their letters and discussions are published in Atom and Archetype.
In 1931 he received the Lorentz Medal for his contributions to theoretical physics.
From 1935 to 1936 he was a visiting Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University.
From 1940 to 1945 he Chair of Theoretical Physics at Princeton University.
In 1946 he became a naturalized American citizen.
He returned to Zurich after World War II and became a citizen of Switzerland.
In 1958 he received the Max Planck Medal
He consolidated field theory by proving the relationship between spin and statistics of particles.


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