Emancipation Proclamation Facts

Emancipation Proclamation Facts
The Emancipation Proclamation was President Abraham Lincoln's executive order and presidential proclamation changing the legal status of approximately 3 million slaves in the United States to 'free'. It was issued on January 1st, 1863, declaring the freedom of the slaves in the ten rebellious states during the American Civil War. Parts of the country not in rebellion were not affected because the President was evoking his war powers to issue the order, which excluded another one million slaves. The Emancipation Proclamation did not outlaw slavery however it made ending slavery a goal of the war. This order enraged the Southerners and deterred France and Britain from intervening on the side of the Confederates.
Interesting Emancipation Proclamation Facts:
On September 22nd, 1862 President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. It gave the Southern states an opportunity to end their rebellion by January 1st, 1863.
The Southern states affected by the Emancipation Proclamation included South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, North Carolina, and Arkansas.
The states not affected by the Emancipation Proclamation included Maryland, Missouri, Delaware, and Kentucky. Tennessee was also not included because it was already Union controlled.
The Southern states did not end their rebellion by the date given - January 1st, 1863 - and President Abraham Lincoln officially issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
Unfortunately for the slaves in Maryland, Missouri, Delaware, and Kentucky, the Emancipation Proclamation did not free them. But it did make the abolishment of slavery a war goal of the Union.
When Abraham Lincoln first proposed the Emancipation Proclamation in July of 1862 his plan was not met with overwhelming enthusiasm. It was suggested to him that the government wait until a major victory to announce the plan.
In September 1862 the Union success at the Battle of Antietam gave President Lincoln the victory he needed to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. He issued it five days later on September 22, 1962.
Prior to issuing the Emancipation Proclamation Britain and France had been debating whether to join the Confederate Army in the Civil War. Because many people in Europe were against slavery - the Emancipation Proclamation shifted the idea of intervention away from involvement.
In the Emancipation Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln made it possible for African-American slaves to enlist in the U.S. Army. The War Department established the USCT (United States Colored Troops) five months after the Emancipation Proclamation took effect.
The Emancipation Proclamation helped to lead to the total abolishment of slavery on December 6th, 1865.
President Abraham Lincoln considered his crowning achievement of his presidency to be the Emancipation Proclamation. He felt it would be his greatest contribution to history.
According to the Emancipation Proclamation the Union Army and the government to 'recognize and maintain' the ex-slaves' freedom.
The Emancipation Proclamation did not make citizens of the ex-slaves.
In some instances slave-owners were compensated when the slaves were made 'free'.
The original hand-written and signed Emancipation Proclamation that President Abraham Lincoln issued on January 1st, 1863, was destroyed in a fire in 1871. There are early drafts and copies still in existence.


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