Gandhi Facts

Gandhi Facts
Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of India's independence movement when the country wanted to gain its independence from Britain. He is famous for inspiring non-violent civil disobedience internationally as well. He was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, on October 2nd, 1869, in Porbandar, India, to Karamchand Gandhi, and Putlibai Gandhi. His father was the chief minister of the state Porbandar. Gandhi was rasied to worship the Hindu god Vishnu, of the ancient Indian religion Jainism, which taught non-violence. This religion also taught fasting, vegetarianism, and meditation. At 18 Gandhi left for London to study law. He was inspired to fight for civil rights after being discriminated against on a train and thrown off.
Interesting Gandhi Facts:
Gandhi was married at 13, and went through a rebellious stage in which he ate meat and even stole money from servants.
Following law school Gandhi lived in South Africa, where he practiced law and study world religion. He also rallied an Indian ambulance corp to help the British during the Boer War.
Gandhi's organized his very first mass civil disobedience campaign in 1906 in South Africa, to fight the government restrictions placed on Indians as well as the government's refusal to recognize marriages in the Hindu faith.
Gandhi was successful in having Hindu marriages recognized after several years of protest.
In 1915 Gandhi returned to India. The country was still controlled by Britain. Gandhi devoted himself to prayer, meditation, and fasting. During this time he began to be known as 'Mahatma' which means 'great soul'.
In 1919 Gandhi called for peaceful strikes and protests when the British began to imprison suspects of resistance without trial. Gandhi was arrested in 1922 and charged with sedition (resistance to government rule).
Gandhi spent two years in jail of the six year sentence due to appendicitis.
Gandhi fasted in 1924 for three weeks in an effort to urge unity between the Hindus and Muslims in India.
Gandhi protested Britain's Salt Acts in 1930, which was extremely hard on the poor in India. He organized a 240 mile march to the Arabian Sea. The march began with only a few dozen but grew by the time he reached Dandi, 24 days later.
Gandhi, along with 60,000 other Indians who protested the Salt Act, were jailed for breaking the law by making salt from seawater.
In 1930 Gandhi was named 'Man of the Year' by Time Magazine, for his work protesting the Salt Act.
In 1942 Gandhi and his wife and other leaders of the Indian National Congress were arrested after calling for the withdrawal of Britain from India.
Gandhi's health began to fail, and he was released after 19 months. His wife died in his arms prior to his release.
Gandhi continued to fight for India's freedom, in his Quit India campaign. When World War II ended, Britain gave indications that India would be granted independence. 100,000 prisoners were released once Gandhi called off their protests.
India was partitioned into Pakistan and India, which incited violence and more than half a million deaths.
Gandhi was assassinated on January 30th, 1948, on his way to a prayer meeting. He was mourned around the world.


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