Jeju Island Facts

Jeju Island Facts
Jeju Island in South Korea is a volcanic island located in the Korea Strait. It lies southwest of South Jeolla Province, 53 miles from the tip of the Korean peninsula. It was a part of South Jeolla Province until 1946 when it became a province of its own. Originally the island was known as ‘Cheju'. Like New York City, being the capital city of New York State, Jeju City is the capital of Jeju Island. Jeju Island was formed from lava approximately 2 million years ago from Halla Mountain.
Interesting Jeju Island Facts:
The highest mountain in South Korea, Hallasan (Halla Mountain), is located on Jeju Island. The peak of the mountain looks like a giant crater.
It's a popular honeymoon destination for Korean newlyweds. It has beautiful beaches and waterfalls that take one's breath away. It is a tropical paradise.
Jeju Island is one South Korea's nine provinces.
The island has a climate that is temperate. It rarely falls below the freezing point even in the winter season.
There is a lava cave system where lava tubes were formed when the lava erupting from the volcano cooled. This cave system, along with Halla Mountain and Seongsan Sunrise peak contributed to the island being classified as a World Heritage Site in 2007 by UNESCO. It's referred to as Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes.
Jeju Island's Hallasan Mountain is actually a dormant volcano. It is 1,950 meters above sea level. The last time the volcano erupted was approximately 800 years ago. It is believed to have been formed about 25,000 years ago.
Inside the crater at Hallasan Mountain is a lake. The crater is named Baengnokdam.
Jeju Island has also been called the ‘Hawaii of Korea'. It has also been nicknamed Samdado which means the ‘island of three abundances'. The three abundances this refers to are the wind, rocks and women. The women are said to be extremely beautiful.
There are stone statues known as ‘dolharubang' which means ‘stone grandfather'. The first was carved from lava rock in 1750. These statues are of helmet-wearing men and are life sized. Today there are 45 of these statues in existence. The statue at Jeju-mok was designated as the island's mascot in 1971.
It was a used a training grounds for horses by the Mongolians in the 11th century. Later it was used as a prison, as well as a fort to protect against Japanese pirates.
During the Koran War many refugees used the island for a place to stay.
It wasn't until the 1960s and 70s that it became a vacation spot for tourists.
Jeju Island is the smallest province in Korea.
Jeju Island is the largest island in Korea. It has an area of 1,846 square kilometers.
There have been more plants recorded as growing at Mt. Hallasan National Park than on any other mountain. 33 of these plants are only found on this mountain.
Jeju Island is home to 947 insects species. It is also home to 8 different reptiles, 8 different amphibians, 198 different types of birds and more than 17 mammals.
Jeju Island is one of the New Seven Wonders of Nature. This list was created from a global pole taken from 2007 to 2011

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