Victoria Falls Facts

Victoria Falls Facts
Victoria Falls is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World and the major waterfall on the Zambezi River in Africa. It is famous for being the largest waterfall in the world, in the wet season. The African people who live around the falls call it Mosi-oa-Tunya which means "smoke that thunders". The water makes a roaring noise as it falls over the cliff and down into the Zambezi River below. A cloud of water vapor is always seen around the falls.
Interesting Victoria Falls Facts:
Victoria Falls on the Zambezi River is located on the border between the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe in the continent of Africa.
The Zambezi River is the largest river in Africa and one of the longest. It flows
1,687 miles across Zambia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique until it reaches the Indian Ocean.
550 million liters of water drops 305 feet (93 m) every minute over the cliff at Victoria Falls and continues flowing downstream as the lower Zambezi River.
The width of Victoria Falls in the wet season is a bit over a 1 mile wide (1,609 meters).
The water depth at the base of the falls is 229 feet (70m).
The European explorer, Doctor David Livingstone called the falls after Queen Victoria in England when he visited there in 1855.
The falls have been protected by the Zambezi National Park since 1983 and Victoria Falls National Park since January 2013.
Tourists visit Victoria Falls in the dry season between May to October.
Tourists can bungee jump from a bridge crossing the river downstream of the falls. With strong ropes tied to their ankles, they fall 364 feet until they hang upside down just above the water.
The African elephant can live for 70 years and is the largest land animal on Earth, growing to a height of 8.2 to 13 feet tall (2.5 to 4 m) and weigh between 5,000 to 14,000 lbs (2,268 to 6,350 kg).
Elephants visit the falls to feed on grasses and fruits growing along the banks of the river and on islands in the middle of the river above the falls.
Lions, Cheetahs, and sometimes Leopards visit the jungles surrounding the falls but they are shy and not often seen
Rhinoceros have been re-introduced to the region surrounding the falls. They have had their horns removed so that poachers won't kill them for their horn.
Buffalo graze on both sides of the Zambezi River near the falls. You can also see Antelopes such as Impala, Waterbuck and Bushbuck.
Hippopotamus swim and rest in the Zambezi River upstream of Victoria Falls. They love to eat the swamp grasses growing in the water and along the banks.
Fish live in the river above and below the falls. Water birds such as the White-backed night heron feed on them and shellfish in the river mud above the falls.
The Peregrine falcon will fly across the surface of the water and grab fish out of the river with their strong talons.
Birds such as the Trumpeter hornbill will eat the fruit growing on the trees in the rainforest surrounding the falls.
Humans have lived around Victoria Falls for at least 2 million years.
The native African people who live around Victoria Falls today speak the Bantu language. They also speak Portuguese and English.

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