Entropy is a measure how much the energy of atoms and molecules become more spread out in a process and can be defined in terms of statistical probabilities of a system or in terms of the other thermodynamic quantities. The most familiar case is the entropy of an ideal gas.
Entropy = (Boltzmann constant) * logarithm (number of possible states of the system)
The equation is:
S= k Log(Ω)
k: Boltzmann constant. (1.38*10(-23) J/ K)
Ω: The number of states of the system.
Thermodynamic work Formula Question:
1) If an ideal gas is in a box full, the number of states possible are given by
Ω = V/N((4 π m U)/(3 N h2))(3/2).
For the ideal gas the entropy is,
S=N k(Log(Ω )+5/2)
Having 1019 particles of mass 1 gr, with an energy U=500 J, in a volume of 1 m3, what is the entropy the system?
Substituting in Ω the values:
Ω = 1 m3/1019 ((4 * π * 0.001 Kg * 500 J)/(3 * 1019 * (6.62*10(-34)m2 Kg/s)2))(2/3)
Ω = 3.3*10(58)
S = 1010 * (1.38*10(-23)J/K)*(Log(3.3*10(58)) + 5/2)
S = 0.17 J/K