First Grade Word Families (Based on Common Core Foundational Reading Standards)

*Sample words for each family are provided on the next page.
Short A:Short I: Short O:Short E:Short U:
__an__in__ot__ed__un
__at__id__op__et__ut
__am__it__on__en__ug
__ap__im__est
__ad__ill__ell
__and__ick
__ank__ing
__ink
__ish


Long A:Long I: Long O:Long E:Blends:Other Sounds:
__ake__ight__ome __ea__ Tr____aw
__ame__ine__one __ee__Br____all
__ace__ide__oa__Cr____oo__
__ate__ice__ose Sh__
__ain__owCh__
__ane__tch
__ai__
__ay


**Students should also be able to generate rhyming words based on these word families. Example: cake, lake, take, make, sake
Example: paw, saw, jaw, law
Example: day, may, say, tray, hay
Example: bring, sing, ring, wing
Example: pink, sink, think, rink
Example: hot, shot, not, pot, lot, cot
Example: sun, run, fun, bun, nun
Example Words for Short A Families:
__an can, fan, man, pan, ran, tan, van, Jan
__at bat, cat, fat, hat, mat, pat, rat, sat
__am bam, ham, jam, ram, Pam, Sam
__ap cap, gap, lap, map, nap, rap, sap, tap
__ad bad, dad, had, lad, mad, pad, sad
__and band, hand, land, sand
__ank bank, sank, tank, plank
Example Words for Short I Families:
__in bin, din, fin, pin, sin, tin, win
__id bid, did, hid, lid, rid
__it bit, fit, hit, pit, sit
__im dim, him, rim
__ill bill, dill, fill, gill, hill, mill, pill, will
__ick kick, lick, pick, sick, wick, Nick, Rick
__ing ding, sing, ring, wing, bring, cling, string
__ink link, mink, pink, rink, sink, wink, blink, drink, think
__ish fish, dish, wish, swish
Example Words for Short O Families:
__ot cot, dot, got, hot, lot, not, pot, rot, tot
__op cop, hop, mop, pop, top
__on son, ton, won
Example Words for Short E Families:
__ed bed, fed, led, red, Ted
__et bet, get, jet, let, net, pet, set, wet
__en den, hen, men, pen, ten, Ben
__est best, nest, pest, rest, test, west
__ell bell, sell, well
Example Words for Short U Families:
__un bun, fun, nun, run, sun
__ut cut, gut, hut, nut, rut
__ug bug, dug, hug, mug, rug
Example Words for Long A Families:
__ake bake, cake, fake, lake, make, rake, wake
__ame came, game, name, same
__ace face, lace, pace, race, brace, grace
__ate date, gate, late
__ain gain, pain, rain, grain
__ane cane, lane, mane, plane, Jane
_ai_ bait, gait, rain, mail, pail, sail
__ay day, hay, lay, may, pay, ray, say, way
Example Words for Long I Families:
__ight bright, fight, light, might, night, sight, right
__ine dine, line, nine
__ide ride, tide, wide, bride, slide
__ice dice, lice, mice, nice, rice, slice
Example Words for Long O Families:
__ome home, dome
__one bone, gone, lone, tone, zone
_oa_ boat, goat, float, moan, soar
__ose dose, nose, pose, rose
__ow bow, sow, mow, row
Example Words for Long E Families:
_ea_ meat, near, wheat, read (present tense), reach, teach, dream
_ee_ seed, weed, cheek, bleed, sweet, deep, weep
Example Words for Blends:
Tr__ trail, train, tred, troll, treat
Br__ bread, bring, bright
Cr__ creak, croak, creek
Sh__ shut, shout, shirt, shade
Ch__ chug, church, chase, chair
__tch batch, patch, pitch, stitch, scratch
Example Words for Other Sounds:
__aw paw, saw
__all ball, call, mall, tall
_oo_ boot, mood, wood, hoot
Related Links:
1st Grade
1st Grade Reading



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