Timeline Description: Alfred Nobel was the founder of the Nobel Prize. He invented dynamite, and it was his goal later in life to award monumental discoveries. This is a timeline of his life.
|1833||Alfred Nobel is born
Alfred was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
|1850||Alfred travels abroad
Alfred moved to Paris, and then traveled to Germany and America. He used this time to study.
|1856||The Nobel family factory goes bankrupt
Alfred's father owned a factory in Russia, but after the Crimean Wars he went bankrupt. Alfred began working with nitroglycerin in order to help his father's factory.
|1863||Alfred applies for patents
Alfred applied for patents for his work with nitroglycerin.
|1864||Alfred's brother dies
While working on nitroglycerin with Alfred, his brother was killed.
|1866||Dynamite is born
Alfred moved to the United States and continued his work with nitroglycerin. He discovered that it became safer with added elements, and the result was dynamite.
|1867||Dynamite was patented
Alfred Nobel applied for a patent for his new discovery.
|1873||They open a dynamite plant
Alfred returned to Europe where he started the first of several factories. They manufactured dynamite.
|1887||More exploding discoveries
Alfred discovered a new element that could be used for blasting. It was called ballistite.
|1888||Alfred looks at change
Another of Alfred's brothers died, but the newspaper accidentally published that it was Alfred and they weren't kind about him, and said that dynamite killed many people. Alfred wanted to change his legacy.
|1891||Alfred stops inventing and moves away
Alfred had a disagreement with the French government and moved to Italy, where he stopped his experimentations.
|1895||Alfred thinks up the Nobel Prize
Alfred Nobel made a Will, and he set aside most of his money to establish the Nobel Prizes which would award those who made great discoveries.
|1896||Alfred Nobel dies
Alfred Nobel died at the age of 63.
|1900||The Nobel medals
The Nobel Prize committee decided to give a medal to the winner of each Nobel Prize. Prizes are awarded for science, peace, medicine, physics, chemistry, and literature.
|2012||The Nobel Prize still going
As of 2012, 555 Nobel Prizes have been awarded.