Timeline Description: Ancient Greece is called the birthplace of the modern city and state, with stores and meeting places as well as homes, farms, and governments. This is a timeline of its history.
|776 BC||The first Olympic Games are held
The first Olympic Games were held in the Greek city of Olympia.
|734 BC||The Greeks capture Italy
Polydorus was the leader of the largest Greek city, Sparta. He sent troops to Italy and captured the land.
|719 BC||Polydorus is killed
Polydorus was murdered by Polymarchus.
|687 BC||The Athenians establish offices of government
The Greek city of Athens established a city government with elected officials. The Archon was their first elected official.
|621 BC||Athenian laws are established
Draco was a lawyer in Athens, Greece. He made a list of "laws" with punishments for breaking them.
|490 BC||The Greeks go to war with the Persians
The Persians ruled much of the Mesopotamian world. The Greeks went to war with them.
|461 BC||Sparta and Athens go to war
The cities of Sparta and Athens went to war with each other. It was called the Peloponnesian Wars.
|384 BC||Aristotle is born
Aristotle, the great philosopher, was born in Greece.
|357 BC||More Greek wars are fought
Athens had finally stopped fighting with Sparta. They began a war with Macedon.
|356 BC||Alexander the Great is born
Alexander the Great was born in Greece.
|336 BC||Alexander the Great takes rule
Alexander the Great took power after King Philip II was killed.
|333 BC||Alexander the Great defeats the Persians
Alexander took Mesopotamia and Egypt from the Persians. He later conquered much land.
|323 BC||Alexander the Great dies
Alexander the Great died while in Babylon.
|300 BC||The three powerful cities emerge
The Greek cities of Macedon, Egypt, and Syria emerged as the most powerful cities until the Greeks were defeated by the Romans.
|197 BC||The Romans take over Greece
King Philip V lost in a battle against the Romans. It was the end of the Greecian rule.