Timeline Description: Australia has been the home to humans for thousands of years, even though it wasn't officially a country until the last few centuries. This is a timeline of its existence.
|60,000 B.C.||The first humans come to the continent
The first people who came to Australia most likely came from South Asia. They were called Aboriginal.
|8000 B.C.||The boomerang was invented
The Aboriginal people invented the boomerang. They used it for hunting.
|1522 A.D.||The first Europeans find Australia
It is said that a ship from Portugal found the Australian continent in 1522, but it has never been proven.
|1606||The first official spotting of Australia
It became an official spotting of new land when the Dutch East India Company sailed into the western coast of Australia.
|1770||Australia is claimed for Great Britain
British ships sailed into port and claimed the land of Australia for the British crown.
|1788||The first colonies are set up
British settlers arrived and began setting up colonies in Australia. They faced many hardships the first few years.
|1824||Australia is officially named
Australia's name was officially set as "Australia", in place of the previous name "New Holland".
|1850||An Australian gold rush
When gold was found in southern Australia many settlers left their steads and rushed to the gold mines.
|1873||Ayer's Rock is discovered
A huge sandstone rock was found in Australia. It quickly became famous and was named Ayer's Rock.
|1901||Australia becomes an independent federation
Australia had been under British rule up until this time, but they became an independent nation at this point.
|1902||The Australian flag is approved and flown
King Edward of England approved the design for the Australian flag and it was officially flown.
|1911||The Navy was founded
Australia formed their first official navy fleet in 1911.
|1927||The capital city changes
Melbourne had been Australia's capital city until it was replaced by Canberra.
|1940||Penicillin is developed
Scientists in Australia developed the strong antibiotic called Penicillin. It has saved many lives.
|2000||The Olympics come to Australia
The 16th Summer Olympics were held in Melbourne in 1956, and the 27th Summer Games were held in Sydney in 2000.