Timeline Description: The city of Babylon and the Babylonian Empire reigned for a significant period in the ancient world. The city was frequently sacked, and at the center of a number of political conflicts for many centuries.
|1813 BC||Reign of Shamshi-Adad I(1813 to 1781 BCE)
Shamshi-Adad I had power in Northern Mesopotamia. The empire ranged from the Euphrates River to the Zagros Mountains.
|1792 BC||Reign of Hammurabi(1792 to 1750 BCE)
Shamshi-Adad I died, causing some amount of chaos in the Babylonian Empire. Hammurabi gained control of the empire, producing the first written law code.
|1749 BC||Reign of Samsuiluna(1749 to 1712 BCE)
Hammurabi's son Samsuiluna took power after his father's death.
|1800 BC||Shift of Euphrates(18th century BCE)
For unknown reasons, the Euphrates River, essential to survival in the Babylonian Empire, changed course in the 18th century BCE.
|1595 BC||Sack of Babylon(1595 BCE)
Hittite king Mursilis I sacked the city of Babylon. For a period of more than a century following the sack of Babylon, there is little information available.
|1450 BC||Kassite Period Began(Mid-15th century BCE)
The non-Mesopotamian Kassites took power in Babylonia and re-established Babylonia as the significant power in the southern Mesopotamian area. Kassite-controlled Babylonia lasted for three centuries, focusing on literature and canal building.
|1350 BC||Assyrians Gained Power(Mid-14th century BCE)
The Assyrians progressively gained power in the region by the mid-14th century BCE, even as the Kassites retained control of the city of Babylon.
|1220 BC||Assyrian attacked Babylonia(1220s BCE)
The Assyrian Empire, under the reign of King Tukulti-Ninurta I (1243 - 1207 B.C.) attacked the city of Babylon.
|1150 BC||Elamites and Assyrians attacked Babylonia(Mid-12th century BCE)
In the mid-12th century BCE, both the Elamites and the Assyrians attacked Babylonia. An Elamite captured the last of the Kassite kings.
|1125 BC||Reign of Nebuchadrezzar I(1125 to 1104 BCE)
The city began to thrive again under Nebuchadrezzar I. Lost monuments and land were regained.
|1114 BC||Babylon Sacked(1114 to 1076 BCE)
The city of Babylon was repeatedly sacked by the Assyrians during this period. Damage to the city was significant.
|850 BC||Assyrian Dominion(Mid-9th to End of 7th century BCE)
By the middle of the 9th century, the Assyrians held power over much of the region, including the city of Babylon.
|600 BC||Nabopolassar Ruled(6th century BCE)
Nabopolassar gained power after the period of Assyrian dominion. This is identified as the Neo-Babylonian period.
|600 BC||Rebuilding of the City of Babylon(7th and 6th century BCE)
Extensive rebuilding of the city of Babylon occurred during the 7th and 6th centuries BCE.
|530 BC||Cyrus of Persia Conquered Babylon(530s BCE)
Cyrus of Persia conquered the city of Babylon, ending the Babylonian empire permanently.