Timeline Description: Today, film is both an industry and an art form, creating a multi-billion dollar industry devoted to entertainment. Film began relatively quietly, but soon swept through towns and cities, as going to the movies became and remained a popular choice for an evening out.
In the 1880s, multiple inventors began working on various sorts of moving picture cameras or motion picture cameras. The first films were created by the end of the decade.
|1890||First Public Displays(1890s)
The first public showings of films took place in the 1890s. The first theater was built in Philadelphia in 1899. Film companies began building film studios around 1900.
|1903||The Great Train Robbery
In 1903, the Edison Corporation produced the first western, and established the use of shots and editing in film. This also marks the growing popularity of story films, over daily life scenes or news.
Edison invented the Kinetophone, making talkies an option. They would not become popular for more than 20 years, however.
|1927||The Jazz Singer
Released in 1927, The Jazz Singer is the first feature-length talkie. The film starred Vaudeville sensation Al Jolson.
With the release of Becky Sharp, audiences could now see films in technicolor. Two-color film technology had been available, but rarely used since 1922.
Hollywood was threatened by McCarthyism, with its accusations of communism. The Hollywood Ten refused to divulge any communist leanings and were imprisoned for contempt of court.
With the invention of television, film needed to up its game. New widescreen processes to produce bigger and more exciting films were the answer.
|1953||First 3-D Film
The first 3-D film, relying upon stereoscopic technology, achieved wide release in 1953. Earlier attempts had been made, but the 1950s saw the popularity of 3-d.
|1968||Motion Picture Ratings
Motion picture ratings were introduced in 1968, with G, PG, R and X. PG-13 came significantly later. The X rating will later be replaced by NC-17.
|1976||Introduction of the Steadycam
The Steadycam, first used in Rocky, became available offering new options to filmmakers.
|2003||Home Entertainment Revenues Exceeded Box Office
In 2003, for the first time, home entertainment revenues exceeded the box office. The DVD took over for the video cassette in 2003 as well.
|2003||Growth of 3D films(2003 Onward)
With improving technology, 3D films became more popular. In addition, a number of new IMAX facilities, offering larger format screens were constructed. Today, many large-budget films can be watched in 2D or 3D.