Timeline Description: The photograph has been a thing of great value since its invention almost two hundred years ago. Today, photos are snapped with cameras, phones, and tablets; they are printed, posted, and saved with care.
|1826||The first permanent photo
The idea of photography had been brewing for a few years, and a Frenchman named Nicephore Niepce used the photosensitivity of bitumen to produce the first permanent photo. He photographed a view of nature.
Niepce joined forces with a man named Jacques Louis Mande Dauguerre. Together, they had a single goal—perfecting the photograph.
|1839||The first practical process
After ten years, Dauguerre produced the first practical photographic process. It was named the daguerreotype, and it used mirror-like images on a copper plate, and it was developed with mercury.
|1841||A paper process
An Englishman named William Talbot, who had been working on photography for a few years, developed a new process using paper instead of copper plates. He developed the images using gallic acid.
Others wanted to develop even better, perhaps faster, ways of using photography. Frederick Archer tried using sticky, salty glass; Louis-Dsire Blanquart-Evrard tried using egg whites.
|1851||The process evolves
Because many were trying to improve the process, the process continued to change. The ambrotype was introduced and used for the next several years; it eventually used a wet collodion negative and a paper positive.
|1860||Photographing the president
An American photographer named Matthew Brady was the first to photograph an American president. He took a picture of Abraham Lincoln visiting New York.
John Wesley Hyatt had been working on a new invention for several years. He finally patented it in 1873, and it was the celluloid film.
|1877||Pictures in motion
Eadweard Muybridge developed a shutter for his camera. This allowed him to photograph images in motion; up to that point the subject of a picture had to be still for long periods of time.
|1887||Kodak is trademarked
George Eastman had been in the camera business for several years before he developed Kodak. He trademarked the brand, and it quickly caught on.
A German named Wilhelm Roentgen invented a type of photograph that would revolutionize the medical world. He named it the x-ray.
|1907||The first color camera
Up until this point, photographs were in black and white. Auguste and Louis Lumiere introduced the Autochrome, the first color camera available to the public.
|1924||Photograph through wires
Using wires, AT&T sent a photograph across a distance. This opened the doors for the picture transmission of television.
Over the next forty years the camera evolved at a fast pace. Photocopying became possible, the zoom lens was developed, the Polaroid was released, and the point-and-shoot camera was put out by Kodak.
|1992||Digital film(1992 and beyond)
In 1992 Kodak introduced a revolutionary development that would change the face of photography again. Storing pictures on a CD led to digital film including digital cameras, digital picture frames, and cameras on phones and tablets.