Timeline Description: Art is different for everyone who sees it, but it's something that has been celebrated for all of man's history. The modern art movement is different from ever before, yet it holds the same amount of soul.
With a focus on life and movement, the Impressionism movement was influenced by French art. It used realistic colors and lighting to depict life.
In time, people moved away from the popularity of Impressionism. The Art Nouveau period focused on natural decoration, such as paintings of flowers, which has survived today.
Expressionism began in Dresden, and it quickly spread through Germany and Europe. It focused on freedom to create on a spiritual level, often depicting primitive imagery.
|1907||Picasso and cubism
Along with a handful of other artists, Picasso helped bring in the Cubism movement. It was an early abstract art movement, and while it took several years to catch on, the work today is considered priceless.
Futurism developed in Italy with a focus on advanced technology. Painters in Milan wanted to do away with outdated types of living and celebrate the modern world.
|1919||The Bauhaus movement
A German named Bauhaus took art and design away from frills and toward functionality. He taught his students to create art in all areas of design, from architecture to crafts to decoration.
Constructivism opened new doors for artists, particularly in Russia. They moved toward the use of art in objects, taking metal, wood, or other objects and using them to create art.
Those artists who followed Freud's theories developed a type of art that dealt in the subconscious. Surrealism was an expression of the secret chambers of the mind, and it remained popular into the 1960's.
As the second half of the 20th century rolled in, neo-dada art began moving the focus away from the artist and onto the audience. Pop culture became the inspiration for many pieces of art, and this movement paved the way for contemporary art.
Kinetic art was unveiled in Paris and quickly caught on after that. It is art that features an object in motion, and the audience uses their own minds to "see" the picture as it's meant to be seen.
|1950||Pop Art(Late 1950's)
Pop art had its beginnings in the Neo-Dada movement. It focused on famous happenings and people of the time, such as Marilyn Monroe.
Op art focused on perception and psychology, encouraging the audience to "see" the movement of a piece. It is often still used today in art that asks one to focus on a specific part of the picture, then the rest of the piece will fall into focus.
With a focus on anonymity, or blending in, Minimalism began with artists in New York. Their designs were simple and their lines were straight.
As minimalism took hold, other artists began exploring new ways to incorporate the same ideas. They took the minimalist approach to capture emotion from a simple object.
Over time, artists moved away from any specified form of art. The freedom to express one's self as desired once again took hold, and today almost any type of art goes.