Timeline Description: The ancient Greek philosopher (427 to 347 BCE) Plato was a follower of Socrates, and was later the teacher of Aristotle. Plato formed the foundations of much of Western philosophy, and provided records of Socratic teachings.
|427 BC||Plato Was Born(427 BCE)
Plato, the best known of Socrates' followers, was born in 427 BCE in the city of Athens. He was still a young man when his teacher died.
|407 BC||Plato Met Socrates(407 BCE)
At around 20 years old, Plato met Socrates. He took a strong interest in politics at this time.
|403 BC||Plato Took an Interest in Philosophy(403 BCE)
Plato, having already given up playwriting, abandoned his interest in politics for an interest in Socratic philosophy.
|399 BC||Socrates Died(399 BCE)
After the trial, Socrates was condemned to die by poison. He took the poison and died in 399 BCE.
|398 BC||Plato Fled to Megara(398 BCE)
Plato and others in Socrates' close circle fled to the city of Megara following Socrates' death to avoid potential prosecution in Athens.
|398 BC||Plato Travelled(398 to 380 BCE)
For nearly 20 years, Plato travelled through much of the ancient Greek world, including Egypt, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
|380 BC||Plato Founded Academy(380 BCE)
In 380 BCE, Plato founded the Academy outside of Athens to teach philosophy. The best-known of his students, Aristotle, would go on to have a lasting impact of his own.
|367 BC||Second Trip to Syracuse(367 BCE)
Plato made his second trip to Syracuse around 367 BCE. He was in close contact with the king of Syracuse.
|367 BC||Aristotle Began Studies(367 BCE)
In 367 BCE, Aristotle began his studies at Plato's Academy.
|361 BC||Final Trip to Syracuse(361 BCE)
In 361 BCE, Plato made his final trip to Syracuse. He had been, for some time, attempting to turn the king of Syracuse into a philosopher-king. He was not successful.
|347 BC||Plato Died(347 BCE)
Plato died in 347 BCE at the Academy where he lived and worked.
|347 BC||Aristotle Left the Academy(347 BCE)
After Plato's death, Aristotle left the Academy, moving on to found his own philosophical academy.
|529||Plato's Academy Closed(529 CE)
Plato's Academy functioned for nearly 1000 years, until it was closed by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian.