Sacajawea Timeline
Timeline Description: Playing a vital role as the only woman travelling with Lewis and Clark, Sacajawea was a guide, interpreter, and explorer. Today, she is a symbol of women's independence.

Date Event
July 28, 1784 Sacajawea was born

Born into the Agaidiku tribe of Lemhi Shoshone, presently Idaho, Sacajawea was born to the chief and his wife.
1800 Sacajawea was captured(c. 1800)

Although not much is known of her life, Sacajawea was abducted by Hidatsa Indians around the age of twelve. She was taken during battle and sold to French-Canadian trapper Charbonneau. He made her one of his wives and they lived with the Mandan Indians in present day North Dakota.
November, 1804 Lewis and Clark's expedition came into the area

When Lewis and Clark were exploring their newly acquired western territory, they met Charbonneau at Fort Mandan and hired him as their interpreter. Sacajawea was pregnant with her first child, but was forced to travel with them.
February 11, 1805 Jean Baptiste Charbonneau was born

Sacajawea gave birth to a baby boy only a few months before the expedition group was set to leave Fort Mandan.
May 14, 1805 The expedition commenced

Sacajawea and her husband joined the expedition as it left Fort Mandan. The group took small boats, called pirogues, up the Missouri River. When one of them capsized, Sacajawea rescued the journals of Lewis and Clark. The commanders honored her by naming the river The Sacajawea River.
June 11, 1805 Sacajawea became ill

During the expedition, Sacagawea became ill with an infection that caused her to have a very high fever. Clark helped her by giving her fluids and saved her life.
August 8, 1805 Beaverhead rock

It was recorded that Sacajawea recognized a familiar rock on the expedition. The headwaters of the Missouri river, Beaverhead rock, and the home of her Shoshone tribe was marked and they ventured in to ask for help.
August 17, 1805 Sacajawea met her long lost brother

When the expedition met up with a Shoshone tribe to negotiate for horses to cross the mountains, Sacajawea discovered that the chief, Cameahwait, was her brother. The expedition named the meeting place Camp Fortune.
September 22, 1805 The expedition crossed the Rocky Mountains

The harsh weather of the Rockies made it difficult for the expedition to survive. Cold ground and temperatures caused a lack of food, forcing the tribe to eat candles made of tallow. After nearly starving, the expedition crossed the mountains with the help of Sacajawea's brother, 29 horses, and a mule.
November 24, 1805 The expedition made their winter camp

After spotting Mt. Hood, Sacajawea suggested that the group cross to the south side of the Columbia River. There, they set up their winter camp.
August 14, 1806 The expedition was completed

Returning to Mandan village, the group parted ways. Sacajawea, Charbonneau, and Jean Baptist stayed and Lewis and Clark left for home.
1809 Sacajawea moved to St. Louis

William Clark invited Sacajawea to move to St. Louis, Missouri. There, she was able to raise her daughter while William Clark enrolled her son in the Saint Louis Academy.
1810 Sacajawea had her daughter(c. 1810)

Sometime after 1810, Sacajawea gave birth to her second child. Daughter Lizette was known as "Spirit Wind Walker."
August 14, 1812 Sacajawea died

It was assumed that Sacajawea passed away around the age of 25. Presumably, her death was due to fever complication.
2000 Sacajawea was on a U.S. coin

Sacajawea had a coin issued in her honor. Her tribute was placed on a coin by the U.S. Mint.






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