Timeline Description: The Battle of the Alamo is a heroic moment in the movement for Texas independence. A small group of men fought to the death to maintain control of the San Antonio fortress. While they were not successful and the Alamo fell, it remains a key moment in the fight and in American history.
|February 8, 1836||Volunteers Arrived at the Alamo
Volunteers arrived at the Alamo, including David Crockett, Jim Bowie, and commander of the enlisted forces, William B. Travis.
|February 23, 1836||General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Arrived in San Antonio
General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and his troops arrived in San Antonio and began siege preparations at the Alamo. Texan forces retreated into the Alamo.
|February 24, 1836||Travis Assumed Command of the Alamo
On February 24, 1836, Travis officially assumed full command of the Alamo. He had previously been the commander of the enlisted forces, while Jim Bowie commanded the volunteer forces. Jim Bowie died after a short illness on the 24th of February.
|February 25, 1836||First Engagement
The first engagement of the Battle of the Alamo officially occurred on the 25th. Santa Anna's forces attempted to take over outbuildings on the southwest corner of the compound. The forces defending the Alamo burned these buildings. Aware that Travis needed help, a group of reinforcements left Goliath led by Fannin.
|February 26, 1836||Fannin Returned to Goliath
The weather turned cold on the 26th. Faced with news of new troop advancements, Fannin returned to Goliath. The promised help would not, therefore, reach the Alamo.
|February 27, 1836||Siege Preparations Continued
Siege preparations continued on February 27. Santa Anna sent troops to nearby ranches in search of additional provisions.
|February 28, 1836||Cannonade
On day 6 of the siege, Santa Anna's troops began an extensive artillery attack on the Alamo.
|February 29, 1836||Santa Anna Attempted to Prevent Arrival of Troops
By February 29, 1836, Mexican troops fully encircled the Alamo. Santa Anna sent out some troops to stop Fannin's expected reinforcements. Civilians may have been allowed to leave the Alamo.
|March 1, 1836||Gonzales Sent Help
Some 32 reinforcements arrived from the town of Gonzales to help defend the Alamo.
|March 2, 1836||Texas Government Declared Independence
On March 2, unbeknownst to the fighters in the Alamo, Texas declared its independence from Mexico.
|March 3, 1836||Travis Sent Final Appeals for Help
Travis sent out final appeals for help on the 3rd of March, after receiving a letter stating that he should hold out and keep waiting for help. On the same day, Santa Anna received some 1100 reinforcements.
|March 4, 1836||Artillery Attack Continued
The prolonged artillery attack on the Alamo continued. Santa Anna moved artillery closer to the Alamo, intensifying the attack.
|March 5, 1836||Final Attack Planned
On March 5, 1836, Santa Anna informed his officers of the planned attack the following day. According to tradition, Travis offered his men the choice of staying or leaving the Alamo at this time.
|March 6, 1836||The Fall of the Alamo
The Alamo fell on March 6, 1836. The battle took only 90 minutes. The bodies of the men who defended the Alamo were burned by Santa Anna and his men. Women, children, and a slave owned by Travis, were spared.
|May 14, 1836||Santa Anna Signed the Treaty of Velasco
Santa Anna signed the Treaty of Velasco, ending hostilities. Mexican troops withdrew south of the Rio Grande River.