Babylonian Timeline
Timeline Description: The city of Babylon and the Babylonian Empire reigned for a significant period in the ancient world. The city was frequently sacked, and at the center of a number of political conflicts for many centuries.

Date Event
1813 BC Reign of Shamshi-Adad I(1813 to 1781 BCE)

Shamshi-Adad I had power in Northern Mesopotamia. The empire ranged from the Euphrates River to the Zagros Mountains.
1792 BC Reign of Hammurabi(1792 to 1750 BCE)

Shamshi-Adad I died, causing some amount of chaos in the Babylonian Empire. Hammurabi gained control of the empire, producing the first written law code.
1749 BC Reign of Samsuiluna(1749 to 1712 BCE)

Hammurabi's son Samsuiluna took power after his father's death.
1800 BC Shift of Euphrates(18th century BCE)

For unknown reasons, the Euphrates River, essential to survival in the Babylonian Empire, changed course in the 18th century BCE.
1595 BC Sack of Babylon(1595 BCE)

Hittite king Mursilis I sacked the city of Babylon. For a period of more than a century following the sack of Babylon, there is little information available.
1450 BC Kassite Period Began(Mid-15th century BCE)

The non-Mesopotamian Kassites took power in Babylonia and re-established Babylonia as the significant power in the southern Mesopotamian area. Kassite-controlled Babylonia lasted for three centuries, focusing on literature and canal building.
1350 BC Assyrians Gained Power(Mid-14th century BCE)

The Assyrians progressively gained power in the region by the mid-14th century BCE, even as the Kassites retained control of the city of Babylon.
1220 BC Assyrian attacked Babylonia(1220s BCE)

The Assyrian Empire, under the reign of King Tukulti-Ninurta I (1243 - 1207 B.C.) attacked the city of Babylon.
1150 BC Elamites and Assyrians attacked Babylonia(Mid-12th century BCE)

In the mid-12th century BCE, both the Elamites and the Assyrians attacked Babylonia. An Elamite captured the last of the Kassite kings.
1125 BC Reign of Nebuchadrezzar I(1125 to 1104 BCE)

The city began to thrive again under Nebuchadrezzar I. Lost monuments and land were regained.
1114 BC Babylon Sacked(1114 to 1076 BCE)

The city of Babylon was repeatedly sacked by the Assyrians during this period. Damage to the city was significant.
850 BC Assyrian Dominion(Mid-9th to End of 7th century BCE)

By the middle of the 9th century, the Assyrians held power over much of the region, including the city of Babylon.
600 BC Nabopolassar Ruled(6th century BCE)

Nabopolassar gained power after the period of Assyrian dominion. This is identified as the Neo-Babylonian period.
600 BC Rebuilding of the City of Babylon(7th and 6th century BCE)

Extensive rebuilding of the city of Babylon occurred during the 7th and 6th centuries BCE.
530 BC Cyrus of Persia Conquered Babylon(530s BCE)

Cyrus of Persia conquered the city of Babylon, ending the Babylonian empire permanently.