Australian History Timeline
Timeline Description: Australia has been the home to humans for thousands of years, even though it wasn't officially a country until the last few centuries. This is a timeline of its existence.

Date Event
60,000 B.C. The first humans come to the continent

The first people who came to Australia most likely came from South Asia. They were called Aboriginal.
8000 B.C. The boomerang was invented

The Aboriginal people invented the boomerang. They used it for hunting.
1522 A.D. The first Europeans find Australia

It is said that a ship from Portugal found the Australian continent in 1522, but it has never been proven.
1606 The first official spotting of Australia

It became an official spotting of new land when the Dutch East India Company sailed into the western coast of Australia.
1770 Australia is claimed for Great Britain

British ships sailed into port and claimed the land of Australia for the British crown.
1788 The first colonies are set up

British settlers arrived and began setting up colonies in Australia. They faced many hardships the first few years.
1824 Australia is officially named

Australia's name was officially set as "Australia", in place of the previous name "New Holland".
1850 An Australian gold rush

When gold was found in southern Australia many settlers left their steads and rushed to the gold mines.
1873 Ayer's Rock is discovered

A huge sandstone rock was found in Australia. It quickly became famous and was named Ayer's Rock.
1901 Australia becomes an independent federation

Australia had been under British rule up until this time, but they became an independent nation at this point.
1902 The Australian flag is approved and flown

King Edward of England approved the design for the Australian flag and it was officially flown.
1911 The Navy was founded

Australia formed their first official navy fleet in 1911.
1927 The capital city changes

Melbourne had been Australia's capital city until it was replaced by Canberra.
1940 Penicillin is developed

Scientists in Australia developed the strong antibiotic called Penicillin. It has saved many lives.
2000 The Olympics come to Australia

The 16th Summer Olympics were held in Melbourne in 1956, and the 27th Summer Games were held in Sydney in 2000.