Biotic vs. Abiotic

Biotic vs. Abiotic

The words biotic and abiotic are both adjectives based on the Greek root "bio," which means life. However, the words are opposites, as the prefix "a-" means not.

Biotic means relating to life or caused by living organisms. The word is formed from the Greek root "bio," meaning life and the suffix -tic (equivalent to -ic), which means relating to. It can be used to describe the living components of an environment, in contrast to the non-living components.

Abiotic means not biotic or not relating to living things. The word is formed by combining a common prefix, root word and suffix. The prefix a- means not or opposite of. The Greek root "bio" means life and the suffix -tic (equivalent to -ic), means relating to. Therefore, abiotic means not relating to life. The word describes components of an environment that are non-living.

The word abiotic is often used in science to describe environmental factors such as light, temperature, climate, and moisture. The word biotic is used to describe living or once-living organisms. Soil, for example can be made up of biotic elements like worms, leaves, and bacteria as well as abiotic elements like rocks, plastic, and clay.

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