Bibliography Examples


A bibliography is a list of the books and other sources that are referred to in a scholarly work-such as an essay, term paper, dissertation, or a book. The bibliography comes at the end of the work.

There are different ways to format a bibliography, and the style that you use will depend on the discipline in which you are writing. For example, those who are writing in the field of literature use the Modern Language Association (MLA) style. Those who are writing in the social sciences use the American Psychological Association (APA) style. There are several other styles as well depending on the field or discipline.

The bibliography usually does list the references in alphabetical order, regardless of the style or format.

Examples of Bibliography:

APA Style:

National Center for Learning Disabilities. (2014). What is IDEA? Retrieved from

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY). (2012). Response to intervention (RTI). Retrieved from

National High School Center, National Center on Response to Intervention, and Center on Instruction. (2010). Tiered interventions in high schools: Using preliminary "lessons learned" to guide ongoing discussion. Washington, DC: American Institutes for Research. PDF retrieved from

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (2000). Report of the National Reading Panel. Teaching children to read: An evidence-based assessment of the scientific research literature on reading and its implications for reading instruction (NIH Publication No. 00-4769). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Nunn, G. D., & Jantz, P. B. (2009). Factors within response to intervention implementation training associated with teacher efficacy beliefs. Education, 129(4), 599-607. Available at

MLA Style:

Dean, Cornelia. "Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet." New York Times. New York Times, 22 May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.

Gowdy, John. "Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability." International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 14.1 (2007): 27-36. Print.

Nordhaus, William D. "After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming." American Economic Review 96.2 (2006): 31-34. Print.

Uzawa, Hirofumi. Economic Theory and Global Warming. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print.

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