When writers or speakers want to make a point, they support that point with arguments called claims. Claims are, essentially, the evidence that writers or speakers use to prove their point.
A teenager who wants a new cellular phone makes the following claims:
- Every other girl in her school has a cell phone.
- She will be safer with a cell phone because she can call 911.
- A cell phone with Internet access will help her do homework.
A politician arguing for a new domestic spending program makes the following claims:
- The economy will be improved by the influx of money into the market.
- Jobs will be created by the new program.
- The program will improve infrastructure by repairing out-of-date roads, bridges, etc.
A charity applying for grant funds to increase its work makes the following claims:
- The additional funding will allow the charity to help an additional 100 people per year.
- They already have an action plan for how to use the funding, and a method to evaluate the effectiveness of their programming.
- A recent survey shows an additional need for the work of this charity in the community.
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