Shoebill Facts

Shoebill Facts
Shoebill is a type of bird that cannot be easily classified. The reason lays in the fact that shoebill has features that are characteristic for genetically unrelated types of birds such as storks, pelicans, hamerkop and herons. Shoebill is also known as Whale-head or Shoe-billed Stork. This beautiful bird can be found only in eastern parts of Africa, all the way from Sudan to Zambia. Shoebill prefers life in tropical dense marshes, swamps and wetlands. Shoebill is listed as vulnerable species, with no more than 8000 birds left in the wild. Number of shoebill is decreased due to habitat loss, destruction of nests, increased hunting and because of the pet trade.
Interesting Shoebill Facts:
Shoebill is very large bird. It can be almost 5 feet tall, 4 feet long, reaching 1.5 pounds in weight.
Body of shoebill is covered with bluish-grey plumage. Shoebill has strong neck, long legs and broad wings.
The most prominent feature on the shoebill's body is its beak. It is large and shaped like a shoe, which is the reason why the bird is named "shoebill".
Beak is 9 inches long and 4 inches wide. It ends with a nail-like hook, which is used for killing of the prey.
Shoebill feeds during the night. It is an ambush predator, which can stay silent for very long period of time while waiting for the prey to appear. Because of that, it is often called "statue-like" bird.
Shoebill eats different types of fish, amphibians, lizards, snakes, rats and even baby crocodiles.
When shoebill detects the prey, it uses incredible speed, accuracy and power to catch it. Before swallowing, shoebill with cut the prey in half with its sharp bill.
Shoebill is solitary animal that gathers only for mating and taking care of the young.
Shoebill is "quiet" most of the time, but it can produce sound that is used for communication. Adult birds usually produce sounds by clapping the bills during nesting season. Young birds can produce hiccup-like sound when they are hungry.
Mating season is usually associated with onset of dry season, to prevent flooding of the nests.
Nests are built amid swamp grasses. Female lays one to three eggs. They will hatch after 30 days-long incubation.
Young birds are brown at birth, and they are not able to stand on their feet until the age of two and a half months. They are dependent on the food provided by parents even when they start hunting on their own, at age of three and a half months.
Unlike storks, pelicans, and herons, shoebill does not nest in colonies. Only three nests can be found per one square kilometer.
Shoebill becomes sexually mature at age of three to four years.
Shoebill can survive more than 35 years in the wild.

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