Siberian ibex Facts

Siberian ibex Facts
Siberian ibex is a type of wild goat. It can be found in the North and Central Asia. Siberian ibex inhabits steep mountain terrains, rocky areas with scarce vegetation and alpine meadows, on the altitude from 1.600 to 16.000 feet. Habitat destruction, competition for food and hunt (because of their horns and meat) are major threats for the survival of Siberian ibex in the wild. Despite these factors, population of Siberian ibex is still large and stable.
Interesting Siberian ibex Facts:
Siberian ibex can reach 4.3 to 5.5 feet in length and 77 to 286 pounds of weight.
Siberian ibex is yellowish-brown colored. Bottom side of the body is light-colored. Both males and female have dark beard below the chin.
Siberian ibex develops bow-shaped horns that are much larger in males. Front part of the horns is covered with transverse ridges.
Siberian ibex feeds early in the morning and late in the evening. In between, it rests and chews the cud.
Siberian ibex is herbivore (plant-eater). Its diet is based on the grass, herbs, shoots, stems and fruit. Siberian ibex consumes 18 to 35 pounds of food per day.
Siberian ibex uses its hooves to find food below the snow during the winter. Buds and needles of evergreen trees are major source of food during this period.
Siberian ibexes live in groups composed of young males, females and their offspring. Adult males live solitary life or gather in small herds.
Siberian ibexes descend more than 6500 feet and travel around 60 miles before they reach the valleys where they spend winter.
Siberian ibexes communicate via sounds, smells and body postures. Young animals bleat when they are threatened. Adult animals produce whistle-like sounds to alert other members of the group about potential danger.
Main predators of Siberian ibex are snow leopards, wolves, brown bears, wild dogs, foxes and eagles.
Mating season of Siberian ibexes takes place from October to January and reaches the peak during the November.
Males fight to establish dominance and get opportunity to mate. They detect receptive females by the smell of their urine. Dominant male gathers harem composed of 5 to 15 females.
Pregnancy in females lasts 5.5 to 6 months and ends with one, two or rarely three kids. Female leaves the herd to give birth in secluded area. Even though young animals include solid food in their diet at the age of 1.5 months, they depend on the mother's milk until the age of 5 to 8 months.
Females reach sexual maturity at the age of 2 years. Males usually start to breed at the age of 5 years when they are strong enough to defeat other males in the herd.
Siberian ibex can survive from 15 (males) to 17 (females) years in the wild and up to 22 years in the captivity.

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