Nunavut Facts

Nunavut Facts
Nunavut is Canada's least populated, most northern, and largest territory. The Nunavut Act in 1999 established it as a Canadian territory as opposed to being part of the Northwest Territories as it had previously been. Nunavut encompasses most of the Arctic Archipelago, Hudson Bay's islands, Ungava Bay, James Bay, and part of the mainland in northern Canada. Nunavut has been inhabited by its indigenous population continuously for more than 4000 years. Of the approximate population of almost 32,000, almost 25,000 identify themselves as being Inuit. Nunavut covers 787,155 square miles of land and water. Nunavut's capital is Iqaluit.
Interesting Nunavut Facts:
Nunavut is located north of Manitoba, east of the Northwest Territories, and southwest of Greenland.
In the 1700s fur traders set up trading posts in Nunavut.
As outside influence began to be pushed on the Inuit they began to forget their own traditions. This led to their eventual request for their own territory.
Nunavut is Canada's third territory, and the largest in the country as well.
Nunavut encompasses about one-fifth of Canada's total land.
In the Inuktitut Inuit language, 'Nunavut' means 'our land'.
The most common languages spoken in Nunavut are French, English, and Inuktitut.
The ten largest communities in Nunavut include Iqaluit, Rankin Inlet, Arviat, Baker Lake, Cambridge Bay, Pond Inlet, Igloolik, Kugluktuk, Pangnirtung, and Cape Dorset.
The economy in Nunavut is dependent on mining, oil and gas, minerals, fishing, hunting, arts and crafts, education, tourism, whaling, and tourism.
Mining is done in Nunavut for oil, gas, diamonds, gold, silver, iron, copper, and zinc.
Popular fish in Nunavut's fishing industry include Arctic char and whitefish.
Most of Nunavut's land and water is frozen for the majority of the year.
Nunavut also has mountains, tundra, frozen soil, and small shrubs are able to grow, along with some moss and grass, in the ground.
Nunavut is considered to be a polar desert. It doesn't snow very much there, despite its northern location.
Nunavut's tourism is popular with those who like to see the wildlife, or to hike, camp, fish, or hunt.
Wildlife that can be found in Nunavut includes seals, whales, arctic fox, muskoxen, caribou, polar bears, and fish.
It is too cold to grow vegetables and fruit in Nunavut so these food items must be flown in or brought in on barges or boats. Some are grown in greenhouses too when possible.
Many Nunavut towns are not able to be reached by truck and rely on airplanes or boats for supplies.
Nunavut has military stations and weather stations.
Nunavut's flower is the purple saxifrage. Its animal is the Canadian Inuit dog, and the bird is the Rock Ptarmigan.
The temperature in Nunavut's capital Iqaluit in July is 15 degrees Celsius and in January it is -30 degrees Celsius.
In June there are almost 24 hours of daylight each day in Iqaluit.
In December there are only about 6 hours of daylight in Iqaluit.
The communities in Nunavut have both a harbour and an airport.
Inuksuit are commonly found in the Arctic. They are stone tower made by Inuit. They can also be seen in other parts of North America as well.

Related Links:
Canada Facts
Animals Facts
Islands Facts
Canada History Timeline
Purple saxifrage Facts