Inorganic Chemistry Facts

Inorganic Chemistry Facts
Just as a field of study is devoted to the chemistry of living things (organic chemistry), the discipline is further broken down into the chemical process of non-living things. This would include chemical compounds that do not involve organic components.
Interesting Inorganic Chemistry Facts:
Much of the early work in the field of chemistry was thought to involve inorganic compounds, as researchers were unaware of the living properties of some of these compounds, such as those involving enzymes.
There are many branches of inorganic chemistry, including descriptive, industrial, theoretical, mechanistic, synthetic, and more.
As the name implies, descriptive inorganic chemistry focuses on understanding and classifying compounds based on their observable properties, especially with regards to the position in the periodic table.
Industrial inorganic chemistry, or the application of inorganic compound synthesis for industry, has strong ties to the economy of any given country. The country's ability to produce certain inorganic compounds, like aluminum sulfate and ammonium nitrate, have been found to be a direct indication of the country's economic status.
Much of the research in theoretical inorganic chemistry involves applying the known principles of chemistry, like Bohr's model of the atom and other theories, to postulate on possible compounds that have yet to be observed in a laboratory.
Mechanistic inorganic chemistry has strong implications for both industrial and theoretical inorganic chemistry by studying and theorizing on the mechanisms (or reaction pathways) that form compounds in different classes.
A variety of techniques are employed to help scientists in the field of synthetic inorganic chemistry synthesize pure forms of compounds that are not readily available in their natural forms. Instead, these compounds are created in laboratory settings, and become more cost effective for industrial applications.
Part of the work done in inorganic chemistry is in characterizing new compounds using techniques like X-ray crystallography, cyclic voltammetry, dual polarization interferometer, and a wide variety of types of spectroscopy, including NMR and ENDOR spectroscopy.
Many of these compounds have been found to be ionic compounds, which occur when an anion and a cation bond through ionic bonding.
The classification of inorganic compounds is broken down into several different areas.
These areas include coordination and main group compounds, along with compounds that fall under their respective groups on the periodic table, like transition metal compounds and organometallic compounds.
Cluster compounds and solid state compounds have also been studied, as these focus more on the structure of the final compound than the reaction pathway that produced it.
Bioinorganic compounds may be the most interesting type, as they occur in nature but do not have an organic source. These can be things like pollutants that have now become a part of the ecosystem or pharmaceutical byproducts.
Bioinorganic compound studies do have ties to organic chemistry, specifically in studying things like DNA or other biological macromolecules.

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