New Delhi Facts

New Delhi Facts
New Delhi is the capital city of India, located on the banks of the Yamuna River, encompassing 16.5 square miles of land within the Delhi metropolitan region. Delhi itself borders Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana. The city's foundation was laid in 1911 by the Emperor of India, and a temporary government building was built in 1912. Ten years prior to the new capital's inauguration, most of the government buildings had moved to New Delhi. On February 13, 1931 the new capital was inaugurated. India gained its independence in 1947 and New Delhi New Delhi's population includes more than 250,000 residents.
Interesting New Delhi Facts:
Prior to New Delhi's founding, Delhi itself was destroyed by many empires and dynasties. Seven times it was destroyed and it was rebuilt every time..
The capital of India moved from Calcutta to New Delhi in 2012, after the Emperor chose it as the new site.
The architect who planned much of New Delhi was Edwin Lutyens, a British architect that has been referred to as 'the greatest British architect'. New Delhi is often referred to as Lutyens' Delhi in honor of his contribution to New Delhi's beginnings.
New Delhi was originally designed with the intention of showcasing British power through architectural choices. Because of influence by historians there were also indigenous features included in the city's design.
New Delhi is considered to be one of the world's greenest cities, with almost 20% green space.
The public transport system in New Delhi runs on natural gas.
New Delhi is located on more than one fault line and because of this it is prone to frequent earthquakes. Most of the earthquakes are mild but in 2015 a 5.4 magnitude occurred. In 2007 a 4.7 magnitude hit and in 2011 a 4.2 magnitude hit. This is more than usual for New Delhi and surrounding regions.
The temperature in New Delhi is influenced by the humid subtropical climate of the area. Summers can get as hot as 46°C and winters only get as low as 0°C.
New Delhi's air quality is not good due to pollution. The city ranks 154 out of 230 cities surveyed by Mercer's in 2015. In 2014 the World Health Organization ranked New Delhi as the world's most polluted city.
New Delhi's metro system is part of the Delhi Metro which serves Delhi, New Delhi, Ghaziabad, Noida, Gurgaon, and Faridabad.
The most commonly spoken languages in New Delhi are Punjabi, Hindi and Urdu while English is used in more formal settings like in the government and business.
The highest rate of literacy in Delhi is in New Delhi, with a higher than 89% literacy rate according to 2011 stats.
The most popular religion in New Delhi is Hinduism, which accounts for almost 80% of the population's religious choice. There are also Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, Christians, Parsis, Buddhists, and Jews.
New Delhi is home to one of India's largest museums - the National Museum.
Tourist spots in New Delhi include Jama Mosque, Humayun's Tomb, Lodi Tomb, India Gate, Connaught Place, and Red Fort.

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