Bernese Mountain Dog Facts

Bernese Mountain Dog Facts
Bernese Mountain Dog is a type of Mastiff. It originates from Bern canton in the Swiss Alps (hence the name) where it was created to pull carts, herd cattle, protect family and serve as companion of humans. This is an ancient breed, created 2000 years ago, and the only type of Swiss Mountain Dogs (out of 4) that has long fur. Despite its ability to perform various duties, Bernese Mountain Dog is primarily kept as pet today.
Interesting Bernese Mountain Dog Facts:
Bernese Mountain Dog can reach 23 to 27.5 inches in height and 70 to 115 pounds of weight.
Bernese Mountain Dog has long, silky, straight or wavy, tricolor coat (black, rusty red and white).
Bernese Mountain Dog has slightly flattened top of the head, medium-sized, triangular ears, large, sturdy body, strong, muscular legs and bushy tail.
One of the most important tasks of Bernese Mountain Dog was to pull cart filled with dairy products to the market. When other types of transportation became available at the end of the 19th century, this breed nearly vanished. Thanks to the effort of Franz Schertenleib, great fan of this breed, Bernese Mountain Dog still exists today.
Bernese Mountain Dog is very strong dog. It can pull load that is 10 times heavier of its own weight.
Bernese Mountain Dog is intelligent, loyal and affectionate dog that is eager to please. It can be easily trained, but due to its emotional nature, it doesn't respond well to harsh training.
Bernese Mountain Dog is suitable for families with children and other pets. It likes to be surrounded with family members and to participate in all daily activities.
Bernese Mountain Dog doesn't like to be alone. Chewing of various items, loud barking and digging of the soil are typical symptoms of loneliness.
Bernese Mountain Dog should be kept in the houses with big backyards, instead in the apartments. It requires long walk and at least 30 minutes of vigorous exercise per day.
Bernese Mountain Dog has thick, double coat designed for areas with cold climate. Its activities should be restricted to the morning and evening in areas with warm climate to prevent heat stroke.
Bernese Mountain Dog is excellent in the competitions that test conformation, herding, tracking, obedience and carting capabilities of dogs.
Bernese Mountain Dog sheds profusely, especially during the spring and autumn. It requires grooming at least three times per week.
Gestation of Bernese Mountain Dog lasts 61 days and ends with 1 to 14 puppies (8 on average).
Bernese Mountain Dog is prone to various types of cancer, hip and elbow dysplasia and retinal atrophy.
Bernese Mountain Dog has shorter lifespan than other dog breeds because of numerous health issues that result from frequent breeding with close relatives (genetic pool of this breed is small). Its average lifespan is 6 to 8 years.

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