St. Bernard Facts

St. Bernard Facts
St. Bernard is large type of domestic dog that belongs to the group of working dogs. It originates from Switzerland. St. Bernard was created at the end of the 17th or the beginning of the 18th century by mixing native Swiss breeds of dogs with newly introduced Mastiff-types of dogs. St. Bernard was initially used as a watchdog, before people discovered its potential rescue skills. This breed can be found all over the world today. St. Bernard is still widely used as a working dog, but it is also very popular and often kept as a pet.
Interesting St. Bernard Facts:
St. Bernard can reach 26 to 30 inches in height and 120 to 180 pounds of weight.
St. Bernard can have short (smooth and dense) or long-haired (slightly wavy fur) coat in different combinations of white, red and yellowish-brown.
St. Bernard has huge head, tall, powerful body and long, heavy tail.
St. Bernard is best known as search-and-rescue dog, specialized for finding people trapped in the snow or lost in the avalanches.
St. Bernard was known as "Barry Dog" or "Noble Steed" before it became known as St. Bernard during the mid 1800s. It was initially used for guarding of monks in the isolated monasteries, before it was accidently discovered that it can easily find lost or injured travelers trapped in the snow. Name "Barry Dog" was quickly changed to St. Bernard after St. Bernard pass in the Alps where this dog managed to save thousands of lives.
Aside from rescuing people, St. Bernard can be also used for farming and as a watchdog. It can accomplish excellent results on the competitions in obedience, pulling of wagons and carts and in the show rings.
St. Bernard is intelligent, gentle, warm, loyal and even-tempered dog that is perfect for the families with other kids and pets. It likes to spend time with its family and hates to be left alone.
Despite its size, St. Bernard is suitable for indoor living. House with backyard is the best choice for this dog. St. Bernard prefers areas with cold climate (it does not tolerate high temperatures).
St. Bernard drools a lot and easily creates mess in the house with its large paws covered with mud. This breed is not suitable for tidy owners.
St. Bernard has plenty of energy and it requires at least two long walks per day.
St. Bernard became very popular after the movie "Beethoven", where St. Bernard is portrayed as loving family pet.
St. Bernard sheds a lot and it needs to be brushed at least three times per week to keep shedding under control.
St. Bernard gives birth to 6 puppies on average. They reach "mental" maturity after few years.
St. Bernard can suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, cardiac disorders and cataract.
St. Bernard has an average lifespan of 8 to 10 years.

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