Pacific Ocean Facts

Pacific Ocean Facts
The Pacific Ocean is the world's largest ocean, covering 63.8 million square miles of area. The Pacific Ocean accounts for approximately 46% of the earth's water surface area. The last ocean that the Europeans discovered was the Pacific Ocean. A Spanish explorer named Balboa is believed to be the first European to discover the Pacific Ocean, on September 25th, 1513. The Pacific Ocean extends from Asia and Australia to the Americas, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to Antarctica in the south. The Pacific Ocean is so vast that it covers more area than all land masses in the world combined.
Interesting Pacific Ocean Facts:
The name Pacific originates from the Latin word 'pace' which means peace. Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, named the ocean 'mar pacifico' in 1521, which means peaceful sea.
The Ring of Fire, which is a region that consists of hundreds of active volcanoes, is located in the Pacific Ocean. 75% of the world's active volcanoes are located in the Pacific Ocean basin.
Coral reef, which is a living sea creature that provides a home to many species of tropical fish, is common in shallow areas of the Pacific Ocean.
Typhoons are a type of storm that includes strong wind, rain, and thunder. Typhoons occur in the Pacific Ocean's northwest region, These storms are also referred to as tropical cyclones.
There are 55 countries bordering on the Pacific Ocean including Canada, the United States, China, Australia, Japan, and Mexico.
The deepest ocean trench in the world is located in the Pacific Ocean. Marianas Trench is the deepest at 11,034 meters, which is more than the height of Mount Everest.
In the Pacific Ocean is a volcanic island called Krakatoa. In 1883 it erupted and killed at least 36,380 people.
The longest reef in the world is the Great Barrier Reef, located in the Pacific Ocean off Australia's coast.
The second largest island in the world is New Guinea, and it is located in the Pacific Ocean. Greenland is the largest island in the world.
Easter Island is located in the south east of the Pacific Ocean. It was named by a Dutch explorer names Admiral Roggeveen who discovered the island on Easter Sunday.
The Galapagos Islands are located in the south east Pacific Ocean. These islands are famous for their vast wildlife species, some of which are found nowhere else in the world.
There are more than 25,000 islands in the Pacific Ocean, most of which are located south of the Equator.
The islands in the Pacific Ocean include four different types. They are continental islands, coral reefs, high islands, and lifted coral platforms.
Petroleum and natural gas are extracted from the continental shelves in shallow waters off of New Zealand and Australia's coasts.
Off the coasts of Japan, Australia, Panama, Nicaragua, the Philippines, and Papua New Guinea, pearls are harvested.
Fishing for tuna, swordfish, snapper, sardines, salmon, herring and shellfish is popular in the Pacific Ocean's waters.
There is a large amount of marine debris and pollution in the Pacific Ocean, all the result of people.

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