Waterfalls Facts

Waterfalls Facts
A waterfall is a spot where water from a stream, river, or melting glacier or ice flows over a vertical drop. A waterfall can also be a series of drops along a river. Waterfalls make up some of the most beautiful tourist destinations in the world, such as Niagara Falls between Niagara Falls New York, and Niagara Falls, Ontario, or Angel Falls in Venezuela. Some waterfalls are very high while others have only a short drop. At the bottom of a waterfall, where the water reaches the lower pool, there is often a type of whirlpool. This can be either a deep pool or a shallow pool depending on the amount of water falling into it and the depth of the river itself.
Interesting Waterfalls Facts:
Venezuela's Angel Falls is the tallest waterfall in the world. Its height is 3,212 feet. In the summer heat the water often turns to a mist before it reaches the bottom.
The second tallest waterfall in the world Tugela Falls in South Africa, at 3,107 feet.
The tallest man-made waterfall in the world is Cascade Delle Marmore.
Switzerland is home to 72 waterfalls in the valley of Lauterbrunnen.
Zimbabwe is home to Victoria Falls, which is such a powerful waterfall that it can be heard from more than 40 miles away. Locals refer to Victoria Falls as 'Mosi oa Tunya' which translates to 'the smoke that thunders'.
Niagara Falls, which creates a natural border between Canada and the United States, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. There are three waterfalls - the American Falls, Bridal Veil Falls, and the Horseshoe Falls. These falls are the most powerful in North America.
Yosemite Valley is home to Bridalveil Fall. This waterfall has a sheer drop of 620 feet.
The tallest waterfall in the United Kingdom is Eas a' Chual Aluinn, at 660 feet, located in Scotland.
The largest waterfall in East Asia is Jiao Lung in Alishan, Taiwan.
Idaho's Shoshone Falls is often referred to as 'Niagara of the West'.
There is an underground waterfall in a cave in Tennessee, U.S. called Ruby Falls.
There are different types of waterfalls, with names derived from their shape, drop, or how the water flows. Waterfalls can also be classified as more than one type.
Waterfall types include ledge waterfalls, block waterfalls, cascade waterfalls, cataract waterfalls, chute waterfalls, fan waterfalls, frozen waterfalls, horsetail waterfalls, multi-step waterfalls, plunge waterfalls, punchbowl waterfalls, and segmented waterfalls.
Some waterfalls freeze. Niagara Falls once froze completely, and the water stopped flowing altogether.
Waterfalls are often used to generate hydro if possible, as the water flowing over the falls and along a river can provide a natural source for hydro generation. An example of a waterfall used to create power is Niagara Falls.
Some of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world include those at Plitvice Lakes in Croatia, Sutherland Falls in New Zealand, Dettifoss Falls in Iceland, Gullfoss Falls in Iceland, Yosemite Falls in California, U.S., Kaieteur Falls in Guyana, Angel Falls in Venezeula, and Iguazu Falls in Brazil/Argentina.

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