Alexander the Great Facts

Alexander the Great Facts
Alexander the Great was the King of Macedonia, and is believed to be one of the most brilliant military men the world has ever known. His real name was Alexander III of Macedon, born on July 19th or 20th, 356 BC, to King Philip II of Macedon and Olympias (the daughter of Epirus' King Neoptolemus). Alexander the Great was educated by Leonidas and the Greek philosopher Aristotle. Alexander's father was assassinated in 336 BC, leaving Alexander to rule as his successor to the throne. Alexander the Great was only 20 years old when he became king.
Interesting Alexander the Great Facts:
Alexander the Great was born in 356 BC in Pella, Macedon.
On the day Alexander was born the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus burned to the ground. It was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was believed that it burned because Artemis was attending Alexander's birth instead of guarding the temple.
As a child Alexander the Great was taught math, reading, writing, music, fighting, hunting and how to ride a horse.
Alexander's father chose Aristotle to be Alexander's tutor. Philip II agreed, in exchange for Aristotle's services, to rebuild his hometown Stageira and free the slaves (who were its ex-citizens).
Aristotle taught Alexander medicine, morals, religion, art, logic and philosopy.
Alexander the Great tamed a wild horse, naming it Bucephala. He eventually named a city Bucaphala, after his horse.
In 338 Alexander the Great took part in the Battle of Chaeronea.
Alexander the Great became king at the age of 20 in 336 BC.
In 334 Alexander the Great led his army to defeat Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Granicus River.
In 333 BC Alexander led his army to defeat Darius at the Battle at Issus.
In 331 BC Alexander founded Alexandria and wins the Battle of Gaugamela.
Many battles continued over the years; Alexander the Great never lost one battle.
Alexander married Roxane of Bactria in 327 BC. This marriage was believed to be out of love. They had one son named Alexander IV of Macedon.
Alexander also married Stateira II of Persia, in 324 BC. This marriage was believed to be a political marriage.
In 326 Alexander the Great's horse named Bucephala died. Some believe the horse was mortally wounded in battle while others have speculated he died of old age.
Alexander the Great died on June 11th, 323 BC at the age of 32, one month before his 33rd birthday. He died at Babylon in the Nebuchadnezzar II palace. Some believe he was poisoned while others speculate that he died from a disease such as malaria, typhoid fever, liver failure or even a lung infection.
After Alexander the Great died his body was preserved in honey as this was believed to be a method of avoiding decay.
Mark Antony, Julius Caesar and Octavian all visited Alexander the Great's tomb which was kept in Alexandria. By the time Octavian visited the tomb it was 300 years old.
In the final centuries of the Roman era Alexander the Great's tomb was destroyed. Its location was lost.


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