Beryllium Facts

Beryllium Facts
Beryllium (Be) has an atomic number of four and four protons in its nucleus, but it is incredibly rare both on Earth and in the universe. This alkaline earth metal only occurs naturally with other elements in compounds. Beryllium is a Group 2 lead-gray colored metal with a very high melting point of 1287 °C (2349 °F).
Interesting Beryllium Facts:
It is a hard metal, but is brittle at room temperature.
Beryllium salts have a sweet taste, and the element was once called glucine with a symbol of Gl due to its flavor.
Beryllium has a long history, having been known to the ancient Egyptians in beryl and in emeralds.
Its name can be traced to several languages, but most likely comes from the Sanskrit ??????? for the city of Belur.
In 1797, Nicholas Louis Vauquelin recognized the element in emeralds.
Friederich Wöhler and Antoine Bussy isolated the metal beryllium from beryl and emeralds in 1828 independently of each other.
Beryllium is found in the Earth's crust, but only at two to six parts per million.
There are trace amounts in the atmosphere and in sea water, with slightly higher concentration found in streams.
Beryllium is present in over 100 minerals, but is difficult to extract.
Beryllium is extracted from the mineral beryl and other ores for industrial uses through a complex process.
Mixing small amounts of beryllium with copper produces beryllium copper, which is six times stronger than copper alone.
Only three countries—United States, China, and Kazakhstan—currently are involved in the industrial production of beryllium.
Beryllium remains stiff at a low weight and is non-magnetic.
Its non-magnetic properties make beryllium tools ideal for fine tuning radio and radar systems.
Due to its properties, it has been used in making specialized tools and mirrors for guidance systems, especially for tanks and meteorological satellites.
Its low atomic number and low absorption of Xrays makes it perfect for use in Xray tubes.
Beryllium foil is used in nuclear weapons.
The major industry using beryllium is the military, so not much is known about its specific uses.

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