Fluorine Facts

Fluorine Facts
Fluorine (F) has an atomic number of nine, and is the most reactive and electronegative of all the elements. This non-metallic element is a pale yellow gas is a member of the halogen group.
Interesting Fluorine Facts:
orge Gore seems to be the first scientist to isolate fluorine, but his experiment exploded when the fluorine that was produced reacted with hydrogen.
In 1906, Ferdinand Frederic Henri Moisson was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work isolating fluorine in 1886.
It is difficult to store fluorine as it is corrosive to most metals.
Fluorine is the lightest of the halogens and has only one stable isotope, F-19.
It is the most electronegative element on Earth.
Fluorine is the thirteenth most abundant element in the Earth's crust.
The crust contains between 600 and 700 parts per million of fluorine.
It is usually only found in compounds due to its high level of reactivity.
Its most important mineral is fluorite, used as early as 1530 in smelting processes.
Its name comes from the source mineral, fluorite.
The dangerous nature of producing elemental fluorine keeps it in its more viable form, hydrofluoric acid, which is a $16 billion per year industry.
Fluorine is gaseous at room temperature, and its pale yellow color can only be viewed when looking down at it through a test tube; from the side, it is colorless.
It condenses to a bright yellow liquid at -188 °C (-307 °F).
Reactions with elemental fluorine can be very explosive without warning.
Fluorine is rare in the universe, at only 400 parts per billion.
Any fluorine created in stars quickly breaks down through nuclear fusion with hydrogen to produce helium and oxygen or with helium to make neon and hydrogen.
Fluorite mining produces approximately 4.5 million tons of the mineral per year which can be used for commercial fluorine purposes.
One form of fluorine used commercially is fluroide, which is applied as a treatment for dental health and added to water supplies in many places to increase tooth strength.
Fluorocarbons are produced as industrial coolants and propellants.
Fluoropolymers, whose most widely known brand name is Teflon, are produced in nearly 180,000 metric tons annually.

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